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Environmental and justice:looking at how environmental factors can affect communities and environment, Japanese tsunami 2011 Essay Example

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Environmental and justice:looking at how environmental factors can affect communities and environment, Japanese tsunami 2011

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Despite the Tohoku calamity, remarkable successes are evident in these attempts, like tsunami infrastructure and warnings that remained strong in the face of extensive fires and explosions (Ratnapradipa et al. However, in spite of these successes, infrastructures sustained massive damages, with hazards to the health of the population. The homeless population increased tenfold. Relief efforts and humanitarian groups were hampered by the massive destruction to the transportation system; shelters experienced food and water shortages for days.In the past decade, Japan has put into effect policies and guidelines that made the nation highly prepared for natural disasters. Even though the number of fatalities from the earthquakes is high, most fatalities are because of the tsunami. Japan has adopted and implemented stronger building regulations (Ratnapradipa et al. Thus, Japanese buildings are expected to be more durable and tougher. But the response to the nuclear power plant disaster has been insufficient, revealing weaknesses in governance. The nuclear plant disaster is revealing the degree to which the major nuclear industry of Japan has been suffering from negligent or poor leadership and supervision, or worse. To begin with, the competence of the regulator becomes questionable in view of TEPCO’s—Tokyo Electric Power Company-- record of dishonesty. In evaluating the industry’s governance, it would be unjust to isolate a single company, when the whole industry was in fact incompetent (Kaufmann & Penciakova, 2011). Four years prior to the tsunami, the Japanese power industry and government were informed that nuclear power plants do not have the ability to endure massive earthquakes. But up to now, the Japanese government has remained silent over the matter (Kaufmann & Penciakova, 2011). Weak policies and poor supervision are also to be held responsible.Both the government and regulators should be held responsible for the nuclear power plant disaster, for ignoring warnings, for failure to establish an independent regulatory committee, for promoting or allowing incompetence among regulators, and for pushing the intensification of nuclear energy locally and globally (Senauth, 2011). Thus far, the Japanese government has shown poor leadership and mostly been unable to handle the disaster successfully. The absence of public disclosure

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Barrett, B. (2012). After the Nuclear Disaster, Japan Considers a Green Future. Solutions, 3(1). Retrieved from http://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/node/1044

Karan, P. & Subbiah, S. (2011). The Indian Ocean Tsunami: The Global Response to a Natural Disaster. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky.

Kaufmann, D. & Penciakova, V. (2011). Japan’s Triple Disaster: Governance and the Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Crises. Brookings. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2011/03/16-japan-disaster-kaufmann

Lusted, M. (2011). 2011 Japan Disasters. Minnesota: ABDO.

Ratnapradipa, D. et al. (2012). The 2011 Japanese Earthquake: An Overview of Environmental Health Impacts. Journal of Environmental Health, 74(6), 42+

Senauth, F. (2011). Earthquake-Tsunami-Disaster in Japan 2011. New York: AuthorHouse.

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