Paleoethnobotanists examine unique plant materials such as seeds and roots to establish their relationship with existing plants. The method can also be used to establish how people used certain types of plants (Robert 142). Paleoethnobotanists consider plant materials found close to ancient settlements as plants that were commonly used by ancient communities. Such plants are likely to have been used as a source of food or to provide housing materials.Floatation method also recovers charcoal or burnt plant remains, such remains enable archeo-botanists to establish the period when people started using fire. The recovered materials also enable archeologists to identify the different uses of controlled fire.Carbon dating is also a useful method in Paleoethnobotany; the method is applied on recovered plant materials. To study the subject of carbon dating effectively, Paleoethnobotanists require knowledge of time and its implication to past plant and human life (Miksicek 217). Carbon dating method enables them to identify the period or era that a certain fossil existed. The method can, therefore, be used to establish how people used different plants at different time intervals. The dating method can also be used to establish the era that a certain plant became extinct. Carbon dating can also be used to establish the different periods in the development of humanity.Extraction of past plant and animal remains is an expensive venture and, therefore, Paleoethnobotanists do not take chances. To reduce uncertainty when identifying useful sites, Paleoethnobotany relies on remote sensing. This method is also used to establish global distribution of a certain plant. Using the extraction method, Paleoethnobotanists are able to establish the variation in the usage of plant in a wider environment. The method also enables Paleoethnobotanists to establish plants that were commonly used by people. Useful plants were the first ones to be domesticated and cultivated. The variation of certain plant remains across the globe across the globe enables Paleoethnobotanists to determine plants that were of greater importance to people.Information recovered using the above methods enable Paleoethnobotanists to reconstruct existing evidence about the past relationships between plants and humanity. Reconstruction of history is the main objective of the subject. Materials and evidence recovered
Miksicek, Charles. Formation Processes of the Archaeobotanical Record. New York: Academic Press, 1987. Print.
Pearsall, Deborah. Paleoethnobotany: A Handbook of Procedures, Second Edition. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000. Print.
Robert, Sharer. Archaeology: Discovering our Past 2nd edition. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1993. Print.
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