The Environment refers to an aggregate of surrounding phenomenon, states of nature, or influences. This may include the sociocultural forces and any other existent external factors around and having a multi-directional effect on a living organism at a point in time.
Environmental Activism also referred to as Environmentalism is a broad social movement with concerns for the preservation, maintenance, protection and improvement of the environment and its health. It advocates for or works towards protecting the natural environment from destruction or pollution by sustaining plant and animal diversity (Berg, Hager & Hassenzahl, 2011).
At its apex, environmentalism aims at striking a balance of the interdependence between human beings and the various natural mechanisms on which they depend such that all the components gain a definite degree of sustainability and is protected from exhaustion.
Environmental science on the other end is a large academic field that incorporates both physical systems, biological relations and informational sciences in studying the environment and in seeking solutions to environmental problems. It provides an integrated and quantitative approach that cuts across all disciplinary studies of environmental systems. Environmental studies involve deeply the social sciences perspective in understanding human interrelations, views and policy measures towards the environment (Wapner, 1996).
While both Environmental science and environmental activism preoccupies trying to achieve the common goal of spreading the word about conservation and general improvement of the environment there is little difference separating the two. Environmental scientists utilize facts from studies to support the courses of action they propose viable while Environmentalists uses manipulated statistics to gain sympathy and support for their ideologies. An individual can therefore vaguely separate the two but cannot participate in both due to the difference in their operation technicalities
Berg, L.R., Hager, M.C., & Hassenzahl, D.M. (2011). Visualizing Environmental Science (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Wapner, P. K. (1996). Environmental activism and world civic politics. SUNY Press.
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