Mythologies also presented lessons from which man should learn – such as the story of Prometheus, in which the lesson that is to be learned is that hubris is bad, and one should never think that one is mightier than the gods. Likewise, the gothic tale of Frankenstein has an explicit message, and that is that man should not try to disrupt nature. Or, as Shelley herself put it Frankenstein mocked “the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world” (Shelley, 1818, p. Like Prometheus, Frankenstein also is a lesson in hubris. Frankenstein created his monster simply because he could, or that he wanted to satisfy an obsession (Shelley, 1818, p. There was no reason that Frankenstein created the monster that would be morally justifiable, or at least rational. His actions are not understandable to the rational mind, because they were not controlled by his rational mind but, rather, seemed to spring from some overwhelming urge deep inside his psyche, an urge to usurp the Creator, much like Prometheus (Shelley, 1818, p. This part of his mind, the Freudian id, is what controlled Frankenstein when creating this monster. Therefore, Frankenstein is also a cautionary tale about letting one’s dark impulses dictate one’s action. Edgar Allen Poe was a master of giving life to these dark impulses and obsessions, which are part of the irrational id, through his stories as well. Comparions of Mythology and Gothic Novel on the Example of Frankenstein, The Tell-Tale Heart, M. Valdemar and The Castle of Otranto Stories.
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