Role under the new administration, and thus were willing to dare to throw out the old guard as they were not personal instruments of the ruler (Gause III 2011). The System and rule of governance between Egypt and Saudi Arabia’s leadership, international relations, countries’ security structure and role, and the law reform give the explanation for Saudi Arabia and Egypt divergence in outcomes. Egypt uprising was strongly supported by protestors in conjunction with political parties present, while in Saudi Arabia, any uprising movement is suppressed by the existing security force and law that disagrees democracy. The relation of Egypt with Western countries remains loose. The military in Egypt refused to be protectors of the rulers, while in Saudi Arabia; they remain loyal to the monarchy. The pattern in law reform between the two countries occurred earlier in Egypt than in Saudi Arabia, even though they are still in progress. In Egypt, the presence of constitution and its reform accelerates change and freedom in democracy while Saudi Arabia clings to Sharia law that restricts freedom. The alternative cause could be human rights violation and discrimination of the people under Mubarak regime and an economical decline in Egypt, while in Saudi Arabia economy remains stable. However, the two need to be further researched for conclusive evidence.The type of government in Egypt is very different from that in Saudi Arabia. In the past, while Egypt exercised a dictatorship form of government, Saudi Arabia had a monarchical form of leadership. This paper seeks to investigate the backgrounds of both Egypt and Saudi Arabia and forge an understanding on why the countries are quite different today. In this paper, the reasons for divergence in the types of governments between Egypt and Saudi Arabia are discussed. Today, while Saudi Arabia remains in the monarchical form of leadership, the kind of government in Egypt has undergone a number of changes making it a democratic nation. Changes in the Middle East and North Africa were as a result of the Arab spring.
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