In the article by Violet L. Wright on the study of the effects of spirituality on African American women recovering from substance abuse, the theoretical framework derives from the principle of holistic care in the nursing profession, including spirituality. Citing various sources in this area that seek to establish the healing effects of spirituality, the author considers spirituality, as diverse from religion, to be specially relevant in the case of African American women prone to substance abuse.
It is posed to be particularly significant for the nursing staff to provide these women customized support during the healing process from substance abuse. This emphasis is on the basis of the philosophical orientation provided by the work of Frankl, who claims that addiction arises to fill in the perceived void of meaning in personal existence. According to Wright, spirituality can serve to fill up this gap instead of substance abuse and thus eliminate the cause itself that leads to dependence on a particular substance.
With the aim of proving beyond doubt the soundness of this theoretical framework, Wright chooses the research design and method according to the needs of nursing research and the subject presently under consideration. The method employed in this study is phenomenology, a process where a given experience is described without reference to any previous extant theories. This method is particularly valid in this case, as such descriptions would help nursing staff to understand and better empathize with the personal and spiritual dilemmas of the patients of substance abuse.
Of the varied types of phenomenology, the author chose the Gorgi’s method, involving a well-evolved study of phenomena in psychiatry, as it was found particularly suited to substance abuse and recovery nursing. It consists of the assimilation of the entire participator statements by the researcher, determination of “meaning units”, as described in the article, derivation of psychological insights and their
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