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Effects of Population Density Essay Example

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Effects of Population Density

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However, despite such a strong legal buttress, privacy as the human right has many different threats, varying from political and technological to social changes. One of such threats is increased population density (Ogden 2008).Territoriality initially was an important political and geographical term. Nowadays, it is widely adopted in environmental psychology and implies a concept whereas an individual organism or a group of organisms attempts to control a specified territory (Bortman et al. In other words, it is the territory or area, which is usually bound and controlled by some fence or other marker. Usually, this territory is controlled for the defense purposes and for reducing the risk of invasion of the same species (Bortman et al.According to the definition published in the most recent version of the Oxford Dictionary of Psychology, personal space is the “area round a persons or an animals body into which other people or conspecifics may not normally intrude without provoking a negative reaction” (Colman 2015, n. In other words, applicable to human beings, it is the distance at which an individual feels comfortable himself, the distance which he doesn’t want anybody else to break without permission (verbal or non-verbal). However, in crowded situations, such as sexually intimate interactions, travelling in public transport or contact sports, personal space may not need such a negative reaction (Colman 2015, n.In the light of increasing population density, many people can talk about “crowding” or “overcrowding” effect, which causes discomfort and negative responses among many individuals. The experiments also indicate that conditions of overcrowding result in elicit feelings of discomfort and various adverse reactions (Griffit & Veitch, 1971). Thus, for example, Jain (1987) has carried out a study investigating the effect of crowding (effect of population density) and scarce resources on personal space. The study has shown that respondents demonstrated greater feeling of crowding when the population density was high and the amount of resources was scarce. Altogether, resources and physical density influenced their personal space (Jain, 1987). Thus, it is obvious that personal space as a human perception is influenced by a combination of two factors: population density and scarce of resources. However, population density by itself is more likely to cause negative reactions or

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (2014). NIOSH - Engineering Noise Control - Workplace Safety and Health Topic. [online] Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noisecontrol/ [Accessed 25 Jun. 2015].

Ogden, R. (2008). Privacy. In Lisa M. Given (Ed.), The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. (pp. 681-682). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Wagner, J. (2015). Reducing Noise at Home. [online] Available at: http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15617/1/Reducing-Noise-at-Home.html [Accessed 25 Jun. 2015].

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