Based on the history of human rights and environmental issues in the U., it has been a series of ups and downs on the basis of environmental rights, although basic rights and freedoms are relatively stable since human rights and freedoms are instituted through equality and other similar laws. generally supports the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Sudan, on the opposite, experiences a troubled human rights history. Human rights in Sudan became harder to access since 2012 because of the Darfur conflict and border area conflicts in South Sudan 2014). Maigua of the United Nations Radio in Geneva reported that, in Sudan, citizens are being denied basic civil and political rights. Mashood Baderin, a United Nations Human rights expert, described that Sudan currently limits the actions of civil society organizations, censors the press, conducts arbitrary arrests and detention and limits religious freedom (Maigua). As for environmental rights, Sudan’s ongoing political and economic issues (Kindiki) overlook the need for responding to environmental concerns due to global warming. Such lack of integrated human rights response to all issues reinforces human right violations (Small). Based on these histories, Sudan is experiencing greater human rights violations, which is against the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, that are intensified because of the existence of violent conflicts in it, while the U., with its peaceful and developed economy, is more capable of ensuring and protection human and environmental rights.Though they have different human rights histories, the U. and Sudan both experience the common effects of human rights issues because of how global warming affects the health of the people. Global warming affects the health of people because it impacts weather patterns and environmental changes. In Tolba and Saab noted that global warming results to higher temperatures, which can lead to spreading of infectious diseases. They described that diseases, such as malaria and schistosomiasis, are spreading in Sudan and Egypt (viii). Sudan is already among the top countries experiencing food shortage, which already hinders the people from getting enough nutrition (Tolba and Saab 2). Global warming increases food shortage problems that can lead to worsened health
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Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government. “Sudan.” Human Rights and Democracy 2012: The 2012 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Report. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. < http://www.hrdreport.fco.gov.uk/human-rights-in-countries-of-concern/sudan/?showall=1>.
Kindiki, Kithure. “International Law on Trial: The Darfur Crisis and the Responsibility to Protect Civilians.” International Community Law Review 9.4 (2007): 445-473. Academic Search Premier. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Maigua, Patrick. “Human Rights Situation in Sudan Remains Precarious, says UN Expert.” UN Multimedia 25 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. <http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2013/09/human-rights-situation-in-sudan-remains-precarious-says-un-expert/>.
Small, Ben. “Climate Change, Conflict, and Human Rights: Nexus or Nonissue?” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 27 Feb. 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. <http://journal.georgetown.edu/2013/02/27/climate-change-conflict-ben-small/>.
Tolba, Mostafa K., and Najib W. Saab. Arab Environment Climate Change: Impact of Climate Change on Arab Countries. Report of the Arab Forum for Environment and Development 2009. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
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