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Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries Essay Example

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Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries

Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries. One of the key historical themes of the Early childhood education and care in England is the question about the form that curriculum for the early years should take. Blenkin, Geva M., & Kelly, A. This has continually been a subject of debate and it prompted a report by Plowden in 1964 that called for child-centered system (CACE, 1967).When elementary education became compulsory, the schools also started receiving and admitting children less than five years for practical reasons and the figures kept rising by the year. In 1905, women inspectors were commissioned by the education board to examine the admission of babies in elementary schools. They disapproved the entire practice and suggested separate facilities for the younger children (Board of Education, 1905).

This issue of age in relation to school admission is still debated today. Rousseaus theories on education have cast profound influences on modern educational ideals. He reduced the significance of book learning, and advocated that a childs emotions should be cultured before his reason. He stressed on learning by experience. Later in 1911, Margaret McMillan and her sister Rachel established a nursery to cater for children from economically disadvantaged families. Her nursery was based on her socialist ideals. She emphasized the importance of health care, proper nutrition, cleanliness and play. These are also themes that have endured to this day.The 1st and 2nd world wars gave momentum to the establishment of more nursery schools and day care centers. This was because more women were required to work in the fields and industries. After the 2nd world war, the government was encouraging women to go back home and take care of their families and nursery provision started shrinking. At this time the Plowden report (1964) suggested that nursery provision should be reserved for women who had no choice but to work. The report advised to guard against having children attend pre-school too early or stay there too long at day. Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries.

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preview essay on Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries
  • Pages: 13 (3250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Education
  • Level: Undergraduate
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