Facebook Pixel Code
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries Essay Example

Show related essays

Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries

This is a preview of the 13-page document
Read full text

Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries. One of the key historical themes of the Early childhood education and care in England is the question about the form that curriculum for the early years should take. Blenkin, Geva M., & Kelly, A. This has continually been a subject of debate and it prompted a report by Plowden in 1964 that called for child-centered system (CACE, 1967).When elementary education became compulsory, the schools also started receiving and admitting children less than five years for practical reasons and the figures kept rising by the year. In 1905, women inspectors were commissioned by the education board to examine the admission of babies in elementary schools. They disapproved the entire practice and suggested separate facilities for the younger children (Board of Education, 1905).

This issue of age in relation to school admission is still debated today. Rousseaus theories on education have cast profound influences on modern educational ideals. He reduced the significance of book learning, and advocated that a childs emotions should be cultured before his reason. He stressed on learning by experience. Later in 1911, Margaret McMillan and her sister Rachel established a nursery to cater for children from economically disadvantaged families. Her nursery was based on her socialist ideals. She emphasized the importance of health care, proper nutrition, cleanliness and play. These are also themes that have endured to this day.The 1st and 2nd world wars gave momentum to the establishment of more nursery schools and day care centers. This was because more women were required to work in the fields and industries. After the 2nd world war, the government was encouraging women to go back home and take care of their families and nursery provision started shrinking. At this time the Plowden report (1964) suggested that nursery provision should be reserved for women who had no choice but to work. The report advised to guard against having children attend pre-school too early or stay there too long at day. Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries.

This is a preview of the 13-page document
Open full text


Agnew, J. A. (1990). Political decentralization and urban policy in Italy: From “state-centered” to “state-society” explanation. Policy Studies Journal, 18(3), 768-784.

Anning, Angela. (1998). Appropriateness or effectiveness in the early childhood curriculum in the UK: Some research evidence. International Journal of Early Years Education, 6(3), 299-314. EJ 574 176.

Blackstone, Tessa. (1971). A fair start: The provision of pre-school education. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Press.

Blenkin, Geva M., & Kelly, A. V. (1994). Early childhood education: A developmental curriculum. London: Paul Chapman.

Board of Education. (1905). Report on children under five years of age in public elementary schools. London: Her Majestys Stationery Office (HMSO).

Bruce, Tina. (1987). Early childhood education. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Bruner, Jerome. (1983). Childs talk: Learning to use language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Central Advisory Council for Education (CACE). (1967). Children and their primary schools (Plowden Report). London: HMSO.

Circular Q-0513: Child Care Institutions in Norway –Act no 19 of May 1995 on Day Care Institutions, Oslo, Ministry of Children and Family Affairs

Cox, Theo. (1996). The national curriculum in the early years: Challenges and opportunities. London: Falmer Press.

Curtis, Audrey. (1998). A curriculum for the pre-school child. London: Routledge.

Darling, John. (1994). Child-centred education and its critics. London: Paul Chapman.Department of Education and Science (DES). (1972). Education: A framework for expansion. London: HMSO.

Department of Education and Science (DES). (1985). The curriculum from 5 to 16. London: HMSO.

Department of Education and Science (DES). (1990). Starting with quality. London: Author.

Dewey, John. (1959). School and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Donaldson, Margaret. (1978). Childrens minds. Glasgow, Scotland: Fontana/Collins.

Drury, Rose; Miller, Linda; & Campbell, Robin (Eds.). (2000). Looking at early years education and care. London: David Fulton.

Early Years Curriculum Group. (1989). First things first: Educating young children. Oldham, England: Madeleine Lindley.

Meadows, Sara, & Cashdan, Asher. (1988). Helping children learn. London: David Fulton.Montessori, Maria. (1972). Dr. Montessoris own handbook: A short guide to her ideas and materials. New York: Schocken Books.

Moon, Bob. (1994). A guide to the national curriculum. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Moss, Peter, & Penn, Helen. (1996). Transforming nursery education. London: Paul Chapman.

Institutions – A brief Presentation, Oslo, Ministry of Children and Family Affairs

OECD. (1998b). Reviews of national policies of education: Italy. Paris: Author.

OECD Economic Surveys: Italy. Paris: Author.

OECD. (2000). OECD in Figures: Statistics for the Member Countries, Paris.

Putnam, G. (1993). Making democracy work: Civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton NJ: Princeton

Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED. (2001). OFSTED’s nursery education [Online]. London: Author. Available: http://www.ofsted.gov.uk [2001, January 1].

Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA). (1999). Early learning goals. London: Author.

Sylva, Kathy; Roy, Carloyn; & McIntyre, Grant. (1980). Child watching at playgroup and nursery school. London: Grant McIntyre.

UNICEF. (2000). A league table of child poverty in rich countries. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Centre.

Vygotsky, Lev. (1962). Thought and language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Woodhead, C. (1999). Is the formal approach better? Early Years Educator, 1(6), 10-11.

HERA 2 Report, 1999; Pascal and Bertram, 1999, Daycare Trust, 1999

(DES, 1990; National Education Commission, 1993; Ball, 1994;DfEE, 1997; Pascal, Bertram et al, 1999).

Edwards, C., Gandini, L., & Forman, G. (1998, revised second edition). The Hundred Languages of

Children: The Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Education. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Education, Journalism & Communication, Performing Arts
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Education, Tourism, Visual Arts & Film Studies
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries
  • Pages: 13 (3250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Education
  • Level: Undergraduate
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us