This issue of age in relation to school admission is still debated today. Rousseaus theories on education have cast profound influences on modern educational ideals. He reduced the significance of book learning, and advocated that a childs emotions should be cultured before his reason. He stressed on learning by experience. Later in 1911, Margaret McMillan and her sister Rachel established a nursery to cater for children from economically disadvantaged families. Her nursery was based on her socialist ideals. She emphasized the importance of health care, proper nutrition, cleanliness and play. These are also themes that have endured to this day.The 1st and 2nd world wars gave momentum to the establishment of more nursery schools and day care centers. This was because more women were required to work in the fields and industries. After the 2nd world war, the government was encouraging women to go back home and take care of their families and nursery provision started shrinking. At this time the Plowden report (1964) suggested that nursery provision should be reserved for women who had no choice but to work. The report advised to guard against having children attend pre-school too early or stay there too long at day. Early Childhood Care and Education in Different Countries.
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