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Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) pertains to the fasting level of blood glucose, after an overnight fast, which is between 100 and 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) refers to the level of blood glucose which is between 140 and 199 mg/dL subsequent to the 2-hour tolerance test of oral glucose. The pre-diabetes have an inevitable progression to diabetes. It has been shown by the studies that if the individual having pre-diabetes tend to enhance their physical activity and lose weight, they might delay or prevent diabetes and also normalize their levels of blood glucose.The disease, diabetes, is chronic and takes place in situations when human the pancreas in human body are unable to produce sufficient amount of insulin which is hormone that is responsible for the regulation of blood sugar or, in other words, the condition in which body is not able to utilize the manufactured insulin in an effective manner. Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus (DM) is defined as the group comprising of multiple metabolic diseases in which an individual faces the problem of high blood sugar. The symptoms of increased thirst, increased hunger, and frequent urination are common in case of high blood pressure. Besides this, many complications are likely to arise from the diabetes, if left untreated. The other long-term, serious complications may include kidney failure, heart disease and eye sight damage. Thus, the major cause of diabetes is either the non-responsiveness of cells to the insulin produced in the body or the due to the insufficient production of insulin in pancreas. Generally the people who die of diabetes are more than double of the number of people dying without diabetes.The primary feature of Type 1 diabetes mellitus include the loss of beta cells that produce insulin in pancreas which ultimately results in the deficiency of insulin. The Type 1 can be categorized further in idiopathic or immune-mediated responsiveness and sensitivity towards the insulin are the usual aspects of Type 1 in the initial stages. Adults and children both can be affected likely by this disease, but it has been conventionally known as "juvenile diabetes" for the reason that most of the children suffered from this disease. Labile diabetes or "Brittle" diabetes was conventionally used for the description of recurrent and dramatic variations in the levels of glucose, that usually take place for no obvious causes in the diabetes that is

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References

AMA. (2014). Pancreas Transplantation. American Diabetes Association. Web. Retrieved on May 1, 2014

Kitabchi A.E., Umpierrez G.E., Miles J.M., Fisher J.N. (2009). Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care 32 (7): 1335–43

Malik, V.S.; Popkin, B.M., Bray, G.A., Després, J.P., Hu, F.B. (2010). Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease risk. Circulation 121 (11): 1356–64.

Maria Rotella, C; Pala, L; Mannucci, E. (2013). Role of Insulin in the Type 2 Diabetes Therapy: Past, Present and Future. International journal of endocrinology and metabolism 11 (3): 137–144.

Ripoll, Brian C. Leutholtz, Ignacio. (2011). Exercise and disease management. 2nd Rd. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 25.

Risérus U, Willet W. (2009). Dietary fats and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Progress in Lipid Research, 48 (1): 44–51

Selvin E., Steffes M.W., Zhu H., Matsushita K., Wagenknecht L. (2010). Glycated hemoglobin, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk in nondiabetic adults. N. Engl. J. Med. 362 (9): 800–11.

Shoback, edited by David G. Gardner, Dolores. (2011). Greenspans basic & clinical endocrinology (9th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical

Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. (2004). Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care. 27 (5): 1047–53

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preview essay on Diabetes
  • Pages: 12 (3000 words)
  • Document Type: Literature review
  • Subject: Health Sciences & Medicine
  • Level: Undergraduate
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