(Witmer, 1907) There are also psychological clinics which were particularly built for the children who were suffering from mental problems, emphasizing issues and treatment of children differently from adults. Moreover, clinical psychology must be pursued as a specialized career, with a personal focus on teaching, research, conducting and managing community programs, etc. in order to be successful.This paper intends to develop an understanding of how the emergence of clinical psychology occurred as well as the impact that it has had on the nature of mental health care. Through a discussion of the pioneers of the concept of clinical psychology, the nature of its development can be put into context with history. In looking at the development of professional organizations, the reliability and validity of the topic is given more credibility. Finally, in examining the nature of psychoanalysis and its development, the primary resources needed for the work in clinical psychology is addressed. This paper will explore the historical development and value of clinical psychology.Early psychological clinics were mainly established to assist children who had learning disabilities. As learning became defined by behavior and through understanding how learning was developed, the idea that the way in which learning was accomplished, combined with the idea that learning abilities could be addressed and refocused began to emerge. The concept of developing strategies for learning was the foundation on which clinical psychology was built. The very first experiment was done by Lightner Witmer (the head of the psychology department at the University of Pennsylvania) in 1896, when he successfully helped a boy with a spelling difficulty which led to the founding of the first psychological clinic (Trull, 2005). Witmer launched the first psychology journal in 1907, and changed the term psychological clinic to clinical psychology. He defined this term as the study of individuals, either by experimentation or observation with the aim of encouraging change. It took about seven years before other psychologists joined Witmer and by 1914, 26 such similar clinics were established in the United States (Trull, 2005).Psychoanalysis and behavioral approaches to human behavior are some of the approaches used by clinical psychologists to assess and treat their patients. Psychoanalysis suggests that most people are unaware of the factors that influence
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