This is not the case always, but mostly the system papers racist (Guernsey 83).White population in US is the minority in terms of being punished with death penalty, however, African Americans form the greatest total of those receiving death penalty after the 17th century (Allen, et al 15). In case of analysis of gender in getting death penalty, it is quite clear that women faced lesser chances of getting death penalty than men. Prior to 1945, women out of those given death penalty were only three percent. In the 17th century, thirty nine women were executed, ninety eight women in the 18th century, one hundred and seventy eight women in the 19th century and before 1945, in the 20th century, only twenty nine women were executed (Allen, et al 15). Therefore, the ratio of men offenders who were given death penalty was far more than women.The women who were executed in total were fifty seven percent African Americans, thirty five percent white Americans, six percent of unknown or minority’s ethnicity and two percent of other minority’s ethnicity (Allen, et al 15). In total, African Americans that were given death penalty were ten times or more times more as compared to white Americans (Allen, et al 123). Considering death penalty as racist or discriminatory, efforts were made to abolish it wholly as a result of which, the punishment of death penalty of many criminals was transformed to life imprisonment. In UK, between 1900 and 1949, one thousand and eighty men and one hundred and thirty women were on death row, but the punishment of forty percent men and ninety percent women was converted to life imprisonment in place of death penalty (Hood & Hoyle 43).Women are stated ineligible to get death penalty in some countries such as the case of Russia and US can be noticed to categorize female as ineligible for getting death penalty. However, the supporters of death penalty argue that women and men should be treated equally and there should be no gender discrimination in giving punishment to women. Since 1984, nearly ten women are executed in USA and eleven women since 1976. The year 2005 was the last year to be remembered regarding woman execution in USA and since then, there were no female executions. Nevertheless, nearly fifty women are on a death row since the year 2006 (Hood & Hoyle 196). Some of the analysts elaborate that the conditions in a death row are not destructive for female
Allen, Howard W., Clubb, Jerome M. and Lacey, Vincent A. Race, Class, and the Death Penalty. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 2008. Print.
Baldus, David C., Woodworth, G., Zuckerman, D. and Weiner, N. A. "Racial discrimination and the death penalty in the post-Furman era: An empirical and legal overview with recent findings from Philadelphia." Cornell Law Review 83 (6) (1998): 1638-1770.
Dieter, Richard C. The Death Penalty In Black And White: Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Decides. Death Penalty Information Center, 1998. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
Guernsey, JoAnn Bren. Death Penalty: Fair Solution Or Moral Failure?. Twenty-First Century Books, 2010. Print.
Hood, Roger G., and Hoyle, Carolyn. The death penalty: A worldwide perspective. Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
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