The Industrial Revolution has become a starting point for the rapid development of humanity. It affected all spheres of people’s lives and it was closely connected with such phenomena as imperialism and nationalism. Many scholars still argue about the major premises for the beginning of the Industrial Revolution: whether it was cultural peculiarities or economic factors (Duiker & Spielvogel 518). However, it is acknowledged that the Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and spread to other countries of the world.
Great Britain became a favorable place for the beginning of the revolution due to several factors. In the first place, it is important to note that imperialistic policy in previous centuries made this country one of the most powerful in the world. Apart from obtaining countless riches, Great Britain gained numerous opportunities for trade.
Another factor which became a premise for the Industrial Revolution was revolution held in the middle of the seventeenth century which led to the new social order in the country. Many people obtained new opportunities to make profits, which were impossible in other “absolutist states” where monarchs and nobility were not that concerned in developing industries and markets (Duiker & Spielvogel 513). On the contrary, in Great Britain rapidly developing the class of bourgeoisie tried to use any opportunity and any scientific innovation.
It is also important to remember that the eighteenth century was a century of numerous scientific and technological discoveries which were excessively used in industries. For instance, the invention of the rotary engine in 1782 was a technological breakthrough which led to the development of many industries, e.g. textile production industry, coal industry, transportation (Duiker & Spielvogel 514). The development of railroads contributed greatly to the development of trade (goods could be transported faster and cheaper). Moreover, the construction of railroads “created new job opportunities” since people could find jobs far from home (Duiker & Spielvogel 514).
Work CitedDuiker, William J. and Jackson J. Spielvogel. World History, Volume II: Since 1500, 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2007.
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