Infibulation is most critical of all; Njoroge states that the intermediate (partial) one entails severe removal of the labia manora and the clitoris leaving a large posterior opening after stitching, while in full infibulations, most of the major procedures done in the earlier stated methods are involved, and to make it worse, an addition of complete cutting of the labia majora and clitoris ending up to thorough stitching that covers both the Urethra and the Vagina (2003).There exist some societies that have complex believes on female circumcision. Men, women and young kids grow up with the same perception instilled in them from the society, which believes it instills some values on their women. However, these social reasons vary within the areas of application. The reason for the practice may not be similar in several countries. The reasons include; continuation of the tradition, the religious belief, preserving girl’s virginity, cleanliness, and preparing girls for the marriages among others.Continuation of tradition: It is obvious that some or the societies want to secure the position of their customs in future once they are gone. The parents ensure that the daughters are circumcised, believing that they will do the same when they get their own daughters too. The culture then becomes associated with the society which gives them an identity later in their generations. This reason has been associated with African societies most especially in Nigeria, Kenya, Eritrea, Sudan, and Cote d’lvoire (UNICEF, 2005). Some people would also envy the traditions of the neighboring community, and hence they adopt the culture as an influence.Religion influence: there is no direct implication of female genital mutilation as a requirement for any dominant religions, like Christian and Islam but, it has been a belief which many think some religions require it. Although the Islam faithful dismiss any connection between the female circumcision and their religion, the practice is much common in the Arab region, and most parts of African Sub Saharan region where the believers are dominant. Borrowing from a report by Edna Adan Maternity Hospital, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, UAE, Somalia, and Oman are some of the Islam populated regions that practice FGM (2012).Preserving ladies’ virginity: People believe that uncircumcised women are associated with
Edna Adan Maternity Hospital. (2012). Female Genital Mutilation. Retrieved from http://www.ednahospital.org/hospital-mission/female-genital-mutilation/
Karanja, D. N. (2003). Female Genital Mutilation in Africa. Virginia: Xulon Press.
MBA. (2012, July). Female Genital Mutilation: Caring for Patients and Safeguarding Children. Retrieved from http://bma.org.uk/-/media/.../femalegenitalmutilation.pdf
UNICEF. (2005). Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting: A statistical Exploration 2005. New York, NY: UNICEF.
WHO, (2012, February). Female Genital Mutilation. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/
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