The sample members were elected by volunteering. The participants first had to volunteer and take part in a 3-hour session where learning to operate a computer-based radar simulation was involved, and the participants were given $5 for the participation. Those participants who received credit in the course after participation were selected to participate in the study and make up the sample members. The data collected were concerning scales where some of them were 8-item scales where the participants were required to choose one of such. At the same time, multiple choice questions offered a type of data to be collected apart from the Likert scale that also offered data concerning the level that the participant agrees with the question. Such made most data collected to be opinionated a well as quantitative in nature.The underlying construct in this study includes the learning and performance orientations. The study mainly is based on the learning and performance orientations as its underlying thought.The author defines the underlying constructs of the study, learning and performance orientations, to be separate and not significantly correlated. Here, the operational definition of the construct refers to how the author defines the correlation between the main constructs.in this study, he finds the constructs to be separate and without any significant correlation.The dependent variables in the study include self-efficacy, knowledge and performance. The independent variables in the study included learning orientation, performance orientation, and cognitive ability.The data was collected by the use of 8-item scales, Likert scales as well as multiple choice items. Multiple choice items were used to collect data about knowledge, 8-item task report and Likert scale were also used in collecting data about self-efficacy, indicators of participants' basic performance were also used to collect data on performance and a Wonderlic Personal Test was also used to collect data about cognitive ability.
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