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The Suggested Links Between Youth Crime, Social Exclusion, and Poverty Essay Example

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The Suggested Links Between Youth Crime, Social Exclusion, and Poverty

The Suggested Links Between Youth Crime, Social Exclusion, and Poverty. Their penalties are on the whole less severe than that of adults. Youth crime is generally the outcome of discrimination, poverty, and injustice and its intensity dependent upon the social, economic and cultural conditions in a country (United Nations 1995). Many justice systems have been set up in countries to prevent juvenile delinquency but their popularity is at an all-time low. For example in a survey conducted in 2003 in England and Wales by the Institute of Criminal Policy Research (ICRP) (Hough & Roberts 2003), on the public opinion of youth crime and youth justice, 75% of the people who took the survey believed that the crime rate of youth has grown and increased over the past two years (which, according to the report, is true, but for few crimes) while the official records in the police department show a considerable decrease in the overall youth crime in the states.

Though justice systems are in use to lessen and be in command of youth crime, yet youth crime will continue unless resource and opportunities are provided to everyone devoid of any discrimination.
The links between social exclusion leading to poverty and then to youth crime are discussed in this paper. After grabbing the concept of social exclusion we will be looking in detail at the concepts of youth exclusion, poverty and youth crime and then with the help of social perspectives will analyze these issues.
Social exclusion is often alleged as a cycle of components including poverty, unemployment and social isolation (United Nations Development Program 2006). These components are often inter-related and influence each other resulting in insecurity and denial of multiple resources. Unemployment is normally the starting step of this vicious cycle causing deprivation and also caused by lack of resources. With no income, the situation leads to a dreadful condition of living and with persistent state of unemployment, the risk of falling beneath the poverty line increases.
But who excluded these people and who sets the standards?  . The Suggested Links Between Youth Crime, Social Exclusion, and Poverty.

References

Bourguignon, F. (1999) Absolute poverty, relative deprivation and social exclusion, Villa Borsig Workshop Series: Inclusion, Justice, and Poverty Reduction

Department for International Development (2005) Policy Paper on: Reducing Poverty by Tackling Social Exclusion

Giddens, A. (2006) Sociology Ed. 5, Polity Press: UK

Gordon, D. (2000) Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain, The Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Hough & Roberts, (2003) Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Public Opinion in England and Wales, The Nuffield Foundation, Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Murphy, R. (1988) Social closure: the Theory of Monopolization and Exclusion, Oxford University Press: New York

Taylor, K. (2003) Civil rights and civil wrongs: Racism in America today, International Socialist Review, Issue 32

United Nations (1995) The World Program of Action on Youth on Juvenile Delinquency, A Report by Youth and the United Nations

United Nations Development Program (in Croatia) (2006) Poverty, Unemployment and Social Exclusion

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preview essay on The Suggested Links Between Youth Crime, Social Exclusion, and Poverty
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Sociology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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