The first association which is seen with culture is defined when looking at the orphanage in Malaysia (see Appendix A). The home was renovated in the year 2001 and consists of a double story building. Inside the building are 16 separate rooms for each child and a main area for food and hygienic care. The front carries a middle pond, grass and play areas for the children that are in the orphanage. The home is residential, meaning that the care takers live with the children and also have a room within the orphanage for complete care (Rita Home, 2011). When looking at the home, it is noted that there is a desire to create a home like atmosphere. The slanted roof tops, windows in the front, bright coloring and the accents with landscaping and other looks all add into the home like aspect that is important to the culture. The exterior landscaping, including the central pond and the trees, were known as important for residents to help with cooling the area and offering practical solutions to those living in a residence. This is combined with the brightly colored walls that are in both the interior and exterior of the building. These are all common attributes of the traditional looks of architecture in Malaysia, specifically for residential home areas (Tan, 1994: 5).The main concepts of the orphanage in Malaysia are compared to the “Monte Pio” in Australia (see Appendix B). The first concept noted with this is with the main layout of the buildings. A separate assembly hall, laundry area and dining room and dormitory are within the main property. This is combined with a main area used for the lessons and needs of the girls that remained in the “Monte Pio” school. This allowed all the activities to remain separate while the girls were staying in the orphanage. The structure was followed with the ideas seen through the layout, such as with the toilet block. Similar applications of lines and structure are seen in the laundry room, assembly hall, dining area and other interior areas. The main approach was to create order, structure and simplicity that were reproduced for all girls staying in the home. This approach was popular for orphanages in the early 1900s and through the 1950s and was based on organization that it was believed children needed (Monte Pio, 2008).The approaches which are taken in both the Malaysia and Australia orphanages are reminiscent of the expectations within the culture and the belief
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Monte Pio. 2008. “Monte Pio Girls’ School and Orphanage.” Retrieved October 17, 2011 from: http://montepiogirlshome.com/photos-and-more.
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Rita Home. 2011. “About the Rita Home.” Retrieved October 17, 2011 from: http://www.rita-home.com/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=47&Itemid=53.
Tan, Beng. 1994. Tropical Architecture and Interiors: Tradition – Based Design of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand. Singapore: Page One Publishing.
White, Anthony. 1990. Architecture of Children’s Asylums, Orphanages, and Homes. Illinois: Vance Bibliographies.
Zmora, N. 1994. Orphanages Reconsidered: Child Care Institutions in Progressive Era. New York: Routledge.
Appendix A: Malaysian Orphanage, The Rita Home
Appendix B: Australian Orphanage: Monte Pio
- Dining Room Area
- Toilet Block
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