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Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11 Essay Example

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Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11

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Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11. All the factors which play a significant role in the dynamics of the Saudi-US relation, religion plays a decisive role in the decision-making of KSA. Being the land which holds the honor of being the home country of the Holy places of Islam, KSA has a huge responsibility of maintaining an upright and independent position in the Muslim world. Therefore, excessive reliance on the United States for its security concerns inevitably makes the role of Saudi Arabia in the relations with other Muslim countries, highly dubious. On top of these concerns is the fact that from the very inception of Israel, USA has extended complete support to Israel which has made KSA highly suspicious of the US role in the Muslim world.

Today the situation is further complicated due to the continued presence of US and British air forces since the Gulf War, within Saudi territory. The position of Saudi Arabia in case of air attacks on Iraq or Afghanistan from the Saudi soil becomes very sensitive. Yet, despite all these and many more complications in the Saudi-US relations, their bilateral cooperation continues, because of the basic reason that US has an increased dependence on oil imports in order to meet its energy needs while the lingering threat to the Saudi dynasty from Iraq and Iran leave KSA in an ever dire need for security assistance from the US. Even though the United States had extended recognition to the state of Saudi Arabia as early as 1931, but no significant contact existed between the two countries at an official level as such. One reason for this indifference towards the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was the fact that the US did not, until then, seek to extend its sphere of influence in the Middle Eastern or Arab region, since it was primarily under the influence of the British. The Saudi rulers however, wished to put a check to the British hold in the regions and the United States of America was the ideal country for the achievement of this objective. A significant development in the Saudi-US relations was the invitation of Charles R. Crane (former ambassador and a philanthropist) by the then King Abd al-Aziz, in order to seek help in the exploration of resources. . Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11.

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Saudi Arabia and the United States: birth of a security partnership

By Parker T. Hart.

Abrams, Elliott, The influence of faith: Religious groups and US foreign policy, New York, 2001.

Robert G. Kaiser and David Ottaway (February 11, 2002) Oil for Security Fueled Close Ties but Major Differences Led to Tensions.

Pollack, Josh (September 2002) Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931–2001.

Alfred B. Prados, Saudi: Current Issues and US Relations

Kelly Grijalva, The Saudi-United States Relationship Post 9/11: New Public Viewpoint, Same Foreign Policies

Kean, Thomas H. (chair). The 9/11 Commission Report. 2004.

Metz, Helen Chapin (ed). Saudi Arabia: A Country Study. Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, 1992

Alexei Vassiliev, The History of Saudi Arabia (New York: New. York University Press, 2000)

Lundquist, Andrew D. (executive director). Reliable, Affordable, and Environmentally Sound Energy for America’s Future. Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group, May 2001

George Bush and Brent Scowcroft, A World Transformed (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998)

Elaine Sciolino, "Out Front: A Desert Kingdom Takes the Spotlight," New York Times, March 3, 2002

Hanson, Victor Davis. Our enemies, the Saudis. United States relations with Saudi Arabia. American Jewish Committee, July 2002

BP Statistical Review of World Energy, June 2004

Bronson, Rachel. Rethinking Religion: The Legacy of the U.S.-Saudi Relationship. The Washington Quarterly 28, pp 121-137, 2005

Cameron S. Brown, "The Shot Seen Around the World: The Middle East Reacts to September 11th," MERIA Journal, December 2001, Vol. 5, No. 4.

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preview essay on Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11
  • Pages: 20 (5000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Politics
  • Level: Undergraduate
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