Today the situation is further complicated due to the continued presence of US and British air forces since the Gulf War, within Saudi territory. The position of Saudi Arabia in case of air attacks on Iraq or Afghanistan from the Saudi soil becomes very sensitive. Yet, despite all these and many more complications in the Saudi-US relations, their bilateral cooperation continues, because of the basic reason that US has an increased dependence on oil imports in order to meet its energy needs while the lingering threat to the Saudi dynasty from Iraq and Iran leave KSA in an ever dire need for security assistance from the US. Even though the United States had extended recognition to the state of Saudi Arabia as early as 1931, but no significant contact existed between the two countries at an official level as such. One reason for this indifference towards the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was the fact that the US did not, until then, seek to extend its sphere of influence in the Middle Eastern or Arab region, since it was primarily under the influence of the British. The Saudi rulers however, wished to put a check to the British hold in the regions and the United States of America was the ideal country for the achievement of this objective. A significant development in the Saudi-US relations was the invitation of Charles R. Crane (former ambassador and a philanthropist) by the then King Abd al-Aziz, in order to seek help in the exploration of resources. . Saudi Arabia and US Relationship pre and post 9/11.
Saudi Arabia and the United States: birth of a security partnership
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