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The Comparison of Villa Barbaro and United States Capitol Essay Example

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The Comparison of Villa Barbaro and United States Capitol

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This practice continued post Civil War4.Later, the building was partially burned during the War of 1812 by the British (on August 24, 1814,) and reconstruction started in 1815 which was completed by 1819. The construction process continued till 1826, as a central Rotunda was added to the structure and the first dome was also created.As the Capitol could not accommodate the legislators from the new states, in 1850, hence, two new wings were constructed - the chamber on the north for the Senate, and the chamber on the south for the House of Representatives5.This increased the length of Capitol by more than two times the original length and it also dwarfed the original structure, which was the timber framed dome of 1818. The decision to tear down the old structure and replace it with a wedding cake like structure made up of case iron was made in 1855.The new structure, which is found today, is three-times the height of the dome, which was constructed originally, and this structure is 100-feet in diameters but it still needed to get the support of the masonry piers.One of the major expansions in the structure was made in 1958, when the extension of 33.5 feet (10.2 m) was created on the East Portico. The duplicate of sandstone East front was built in marble, which was 33.5 feet (10.2 m) from the previous front, and Corinthian columns were removed during this process. In 1984, the landscape designer Russell Page constructed the settings for columns at the National Arboretum in a large meadow, where these were fixed along a reflecting pool.The structure of Capitol resembled many notable structures, churches and landmarks of Europe such as St. Pauls Cathedral (London) and the dome of St. Peters Basilica (of Vatican).The roofs of the Senate and the House Chambers were marked by flagpoles, which hosted the U. flag, when in session.The Capitol building is known for its central dome, which is constructed above the Rotunda and two chambers of the Congress - the North wing (the Senate Chamber) and the South wings (for the House of Representatives).A private underground railway and the underground tunnel join the main structure at the Congressional office buildings in the nearby complex. The murals of Constantine Brumidi, the Italian / Greek American artists can be found in the hallways, in the 1st floor of the Senate part of

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References

Ackerman, J. Palladio. (Penquin, London, 1990)

Boucher, B. Andrea Palladio, The Architect In his Time. (New York: Abbeville Press, 1998)

Bushong, William. Uncle Sam’s Architects: Builders of the Capitol. (Washington: U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 1994)

Constant, C. The Palladio Guide. (Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1985)

Gutheim, F. Worthy of the Nation: The Planning and Development of the National Capital City. (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977)

Howard, Alexandra M. Stephen Hallet and William Thornton at the U.S. Capitol, 1791–1797, M.A. Thesis, University of Virginia, 1974)

Jaffe, Irma B, ed. The Italian Presence in American Art, 1760–1860. (New York: Fordham University Press, 1989)

Pupi, L. Andrea Palladio, (Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1975)

Schofield, R. and Tavernor, R. Andrea Palladio, The Four Books on Architecture, (London, 1977)

Tafuri, M. Venice and the Renaissance, (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989)

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