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Community Hazard Analysis Essay Example

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Community Hazard Analysis

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Since the occurrence of a hazard can impact the community in a destructive manner, it is important to have a hazard mitigation plan in place to make recovery easy. Also, by managing the characteristics that cause the occurrence of the hazard, the negative impacts can be mitigated before a hazard occurs. Thus, a hazard mitigation plan is essential, as it can provide a framework to make informed decisions in event of uncertainity and chaos (Natural Hazards Center, 2006).The basic purpose of hazard mitigation plan is to minimize community vulnerability to the natural hazards. The plan focuses on the natural hazard to the extent to which it poses a threat to a community. Generally a hazard mitigation plan comprises of four components (Godschalk, Beatley, Berke, Brower, & Kaiser, 1999):The hazard assessment process involves the identification of the hazards that the community faces and analysis of magnitude, impact and likelihood of its occurrence in the community area. Thus it entails the assessment of: (1) type of hazard, (2) frequency and strength of hazard, (3) probability of occurrence, (4) impact on community most common natural hazard throughout North Carolina is thunderstorms. According to the reports of National Climatic Data Center it has been reported that between years 1950-2011 there were about 124 thunderstorms in the region out of which 92 hail and about 7 lightning events were reported for the Durham County.In the past a few areas of Durham County have been impacted by floods. However according to the reports of the National Climatic data Centre the statistics show that the Durham County and its Municipality have been impacted by nearly 36 floods in the years 1950-2011.Severe winter storms can pose devastating weather conditions in terms of heavy snow, freezing rain, blizzards, extreme cold and ice pellets. In the Durham county and its municipality it has been reported that 42 snow and ice events occurred from year 1950-2011.North Carolina is frequently impacted by hurricanes and has experienced the fourth largest hurricane in the 20th century. As it’s positioned along Atlantic Ocean and at the edge of the Gulf Stream thus the frequency of impact is more. Similarly the occurrence rate for Durham County is similar due to its geographic location thus making it vulnerable to the hurricanes.The occurrence of

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Works Cited

Durham Chamber of Commerce. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.durhamchamber.org/business/rtp.html

FEMA. (1997). Types of Disasters. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/types.shtm

Frey, W. H. (n.d.). Analysis of 2010 Census Data. Brookings Institution and University of Michigan Social Science Data Analysis Network.

GAO, G. A. (2007). Natural Hazard Mitigation:. United States Government Accountability Office. Retrieved from www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-07-403

Godschalk, D. R., Beatley, T., Berke, P., Brower, D. J., & Kaiser, E. J. (1999). Natural hazard mitigation:recasting disaster policy and planning. Washington D.C: Island Press.

Management, N. D., & Hill, T. U. (1998). Local Hazard Mitigation Planning Manual. North Carolina: North Carolina Division of Emergency Management.

Natural Hazards Center. (2006). Chapter 8: INCORPORATING DISASTER RESILIENCE INTO DISASTER RECOVERY. In Holistic Disaster Recovery. Public Entity Risk Institute. Retrieved from http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/publications/holistic/ch8_disaster_resilience.pdf

North Carolina Divison of Emergency Management. (n.d.). The Division of Emergency Management. Retrieved from http://www.nccrimecontrol.org/Index2.cfm?a=000003,000010

Schell, M. (2006). Durham County North Carolina Hazard Mitigation Plan.

Stevenato & Associates, J. N. (2002). Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment. Regional Municipality of Durham.

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