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Conflict Resolution as the Range of Formal or Informal Activities Essay Example

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Conflict Resolution as the Range of Formal or Informal Activities

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Conflict Resolution as the Range of Formal or Informal Activities. Referring to conflict resolution this study alludes to “cooperation based” or “interest-based” conflict resolution which is a discipline whose development is linked to the WWII. As a discipline, conflict resolution diverged from power-based conflict theory, which was a major part and still remains a large part of political science and international relations (Wallis). Needs-based conflict resolution, which is looked at in this study was developed by theorists who came up with a conflict resolution approach which encouraged cooperation (Flint 263). This approach focused on basic human needs and encouraged a win-win situation for all parties. Under this principle, nonviolence, cooperation and belief in the goodness of humanity are the guiding beliefs.

Conflict resolution is not about avoiding a conflict, and it is also not about using superior force to conquer your adversary (Wallis). These activities do take part in the conflict, but they have little to do with its resolution. The contemporary view considers conflict resolution as the range of formal or informal activities undertaken by parties to a conflict, or outsiders, designed to limit and reduce the level of violence in conflict, and to achieve some understanding on the key issues in conflict, political agreements, or a jointly acceptable decision on future interaction and distribution of resources (Bercovitch and Jackson, 1). In this regard, conflict resolution is about accepting a conflict, recognizing that there are ways out of it, and engaging in some tacit or explicit coordination, without which none of these goals can be achieved. In developing “interest-based” conflict resolution, major theorists have been involved. These have been responsible for developing various aspects of the theory such that it now looks out for interests of all the involved parties. One of these individuals was Georg Simmel (1858-1914) Simmel’s contributions are traced to his book, Conflict which was written after his death in English. Conflict Resolution as the Range of Formal or Informal Activities.

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Works Cited

Bercovitch, Jacob, and Richard Jackson. Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-First Century: Principles, Methods, and Approaches. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009. Print.

Burton, John W. Violence Explained: The Sources of Conflict, Violence and Crime and Their Prevention. Manchester : Manchester Univ. Press, 1997. Print.

Conflict and Development: Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction / House of Commons International Development Committee. London: The Stationery Office, 2006. Print.

Deutsch, Morton, Coleman, Peter T., and Marcus, Eric, C. The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Print.

Frazer, Elizabeth. The Problems of Communitarian Politics: Unity and Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.

Flint, R W. Practice of Sustainable Community Development: A Participatory Framework for Change. New York: Springer, 2013. Print.

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OBrien, Constance. New Directions in Community Development and Conflict Resolution: Towards Peace-Building in Northern Ireland and South Africa. Kö̈ln, Germany: Lambert Academic Pub, 2009. Print.

Parada, Henry, and Mark S. Homan. Promoting Community Change: Making It Happen in the Real World. Toronto: Nelson Education, 2011. Print.

Prendiville, Patricia. Developing Facilitation Skills: a handbook for group facilitators (3rd ed). New York: Combat Poverty Agency, 1994. Print.

Ramsbotham, Oliver, Hugh Miall, and Tom Woodhouse. Contemporary Conflict Resolution: The Prevention, Management and Transformation of Deadly Conflicts. Cambridge [u.a.: Polity Press, 2007. Print.

Schellenberg, James A. Conflict Resolution: Theory, Research, and Practice. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1996. Print.

Schwarz, Roger. The Skilled Facilitator: A Comprehensive Resource for Consultants, Facilitators, Managers, Trainers, and Coaches. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. Print.

Wallis, Jim. The Soul of Politics: A Practical and Prophetic Vision for Change. New York, NY: New Press, 1994. Print.

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preview essay on Conflict Resolution as the Range of Formal or Informal Activities
  • Pages: 11 (2750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: People
  • Level: Masters
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