Marine oil spill response is organized and managed according to the regulations found in 40 CFR 300, the National Oil and Hazardous Substance Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) 1989). These regulations describe procedures for responding to hazardous substance releases and oil discharges. The Appendix E of the regulation specifically addresses oil spill response protocols. Coast Guard and the Environmental Protection Agency jointly contributed to the development of the NCP. The Federal government has mandated the US Coast Guard with the sole responsibility to ensure, timely and effective response in the removal and discharging of all oil spillages and other hazardous substances that are deemed dangerous to the navigable waters.Ricketson and Vildivia stated that their primary job is to investigate and monitor oil spills across all water bodies in the US. Whenever there is a spill that is reported to national response center NCR and the guilty parties are unknown, the Coast Guard will take the primary responsibility of mitigating the oil spill until the responsible parties are found after an investigation is done. In situations that ships collide, the ships responsible for leaking oil fuels and other toxic substance are held responsible by the Coat Guard and they will incur all the mitigation cost. In this case the Coast Guard will act as a facilitator or supervisor to oversee the mitigation process.The Section 502(7) of the FWPCA broadly defines navigable waters as "waters of the United States." This includes waters "traditionally" recognized as navigable, along with streams, creeks, lakes, and ponds which form their tributaries as well as waters that are two hundred miles off the coast (Hasler, 2010). Furthermore, Ricketson and Valdivia confirmed that storm drains and other artificial systems that form extensions of waterways are also considered as water bodies and under scrutiny for oil spills. Waters of the U. also include seasonally dry watercourses however; the mere existence of a channel or bed through which water could flow does not qualify it as a water body. Insufficient levels or absence of water or potential presence of water in the near future due to tidal fluctuations, seasonal flooding, or other occurrences make it hard to qualify them as water bodies. Therefore,
Upson, S., (2010), Oil-Eating Microbes for Gulf Spill, Discovery News, retrieved
From: http://news.discovery.com/tech/oil-eating-microbes-gulf-oil-spill.html [November 7, 2014]
Marine Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems (1989), Using
Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea New York. National Academy Press
Hasler, J., (2010) the State of Oil Spill Cleaning Technology and Popular
Mechanics.Retrievedfrom:http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/coal-oil-gas/state-of-oil-cleaning-tech [November 7, 2014]
Freudenburg, W.R., & Gramling, R., (2011). Blowout in the Gulf: the BP Oil Spill
Disaster and the Future of Energy in America. Boston. MIT Press.
Cheremisnoff P.N., & Daveitshin A., (2011) Emergency Response Management of
Offshore Spills: Guidelines for Emergency Responders. New Jersey. Wiley & sons.
Farazmand A., (2001), Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. New
York. Marcel &Dekker Inc.
Rubin B.C., (2012) Emergency management: the American Experience 1900-2010.
New York. Taylor & Francis Inc.
J. Papczynky, the Project coordinator Granite Environmental Company,
Interview, October 31, 2014.
Lieutenant Hockenbery, he US Coast Guard, Interview. October 31, 2014
Paul B. Ricketson, a petty officer of the LTJG Interview. October 31, 2014
Joshua Valdivia, an officer in the Planning Department of USCG Marine safety unit. Interview. October 31, 2014
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples