Many groups and individuals do not seem to take the initiative of taking action, at a personal level, or to offer support to the policies that can change the situation.Taking into account that climate change has become a publicly debated issue over the past few decades, various studies have explored the role played by the behaviors and attitudes of people on the weight offered to the problem of climate change. From these studies, the adoption of pro-environmental behaviors at the personal level, including reducing the energy consumption of the homes has appeared to be under the pressure of some constraining factors (Bambergs & Schmidt, 2003). The case is the same, from the studies reviewing the support offered to pro-environmental policies, including those on the adoption of higher fuel standards for vehicles.The factors limiting the adoption of pro-environmental behaviors and offering support to green policies fall under different clusters, including worldviews. Under this cluster, there are issues related to the relationship between nature and humans (Bambergs & Schmidt, 2003). A second factor restraining the change to a green society includes the perception of social and personal risks, including the effects of reducing energy consumption among others. The other factors restraining the adoption of green behaviors include negative political philosophies, the personal discomfort associated to taking action, the lack of adequate knowledge, negative social norms, and the lack of initiative to address the problem, among members of society (Bambergs & Schmidt, 2003).Despite the fact that the information provided by the different studies is helpful in building the available knowledge-base, the available literature is still limited on the understanding of behaviors and attitudes of people in relation to climate change (Ajzen, 1991). To fill this gap, the next section of this paper will discuss the impacts of climate change, discussing its impacts on society and the landscape. The section will give information supporting the positive and the negative sides of the problem, which is expected to give inferences about the attitudes and behaviors of humans in favor and against addressing the issue of climate change and global warming (Hudson & Keatley, 2009).In many parts of the earth, the changes in precipitation patterns – which are evident from the melting of ice and snow –
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