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Climate change effects Essay Example

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Climate change effects

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Since conditions in atmosphere changes much more rapidly than in oceanic, the atmosphere and oceans change continuously, in response to one another.Ocean-atmosphere oscillations are the ocean-atmosphere interaction responses which switch suddenly from one of the phases to another. Currently, the five major ocean atmosphere oscillations have been recognized: the Pacific Decadal, the El Niño-Southern, the North Atlantic, the Arctic, and the Antarctic Polar Wave. Each of such interactions has profound effects on the weather and climate, and all of these interact with each other.The interactions of air, land, water, and ice are very complex. With each of the answer there are new questions arising that require more research and fresh insights. The relationship between the ocean and atmosphere is one of the major parts of this global interaction.Climate is simply an average weather of some area, so one may think of the global climate in terms of an average global temperature. The global climate system then is s set of related, reservoirs and coordinated processes that help determine the energy balance of surface environment, which thereby helps determine the temperature. The global climate system involves flowing of energy as well as the matter through the geo-sphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere. All of such parts of the larger system play vital parts in determining how solar energy, in the form of visible and also ultraviolet light, is absorbed, then reflected and transformed to infrared (or heat) energy, how heat is emitted and then absorbed, ultimately how much heat is stored in the climatic system and how that heat therefore sets various parts of the system in motion.Here the incoming solar energy, called the insolution shines down on the Earth equator and is either absorbed or thereby reflected. (Locations of clouds and the continents and nature of land surface are important to climate system. Why is the location important? A land mass at or near the equator reflects more energy in comparison to an identical land mass near the pole).The insolation that is not reflected is then absorbed at the surface, and warms it, which then radiates altogether different kind of energy., Shindel, D. and Harder, S. Much of the heat is transported by water; as that evaporates, water takes heat energy from surface, and when condenses up in an atmosphere it forms a cloud

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Work Cited

1. Annex II Glossary "Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/annexessglossary-e-i.html. Retrieved 15 October 2010.

2. Climate change and its effects in Money Brave , 2011 <http://www.moneybrave.co.cc/2011/02/effects-of-climate-change.html>

3. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007-11-12). "Summary for Policymakers". Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Valencia, Spain<http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf.>

4. IPCC, 2007: Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA<http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg1/ar4-wg1-spm.pd>

5. Ocean circulation in Science dictionary,< http://www.science-dictionary.com/definition/ocean-circulation.html>

6. Ocean-Atmosphere changes in answers.com (2011) <http://www.answers.com/topic/ocean-atmosphere-interaction#ixzz1Npmlr1tE>

7. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Supply in Consequences Vol. 1, No. 2, Summer 1995 <http://www.gcrio.org/CONSEQUENCES/summer95/agriculture.html>

8. Royce Radcliffe 2007‘How the oceans currents affect weather, 2007< http://www.helium.com/items/282420-how-the-oceans-currents-affect-weather/>

9. Schmidt, G. A., Shindel, D. T. and Harder, S. (2004). "A note of the relationship between ice core methane concentrations and insolation"<http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2004/2004GL021083.shtml.>

10. 20 Interesting and Useful Water Facts in All About Water <http://www.allaboutwater.org/water-facts.html>

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