The Baroque period (1600- 1750 AD) saw the introduction of complex tonal counterpoint and the use of a continuous bass line. Playing music by the use of keyboards became increasingly popular; music was formally played on such instruments as the harpsichord and the pipe organ. In addition, the families of violin stringed instruments being used today were introduced in the baroque period. The period also includes the compositions of great works of art such as poetry, theatre, the visual arts and music. Other developments include the ability of classical music to express human emotions and depict natural phenomenon was explored in the baroque period (Grout and Jay, 2001, pp 20-99).Imitative polyphony remained to be very important to the musical composition of classical music however, homophonic writing of songs became increasingly more important. Homophonic writing is more advantageous than polyphonic writing; homophonic music features a clear distinction between the melody line and a subsidiary accompaniment part. The homophonic style was instrumental in the development of opera and other solo vocal music before it shifted its attention to the listener of the melody.Some of the works composed in the baroque period include a continuo part in which a keyboard and a bass instrument combine together to produce the harmonic underpinning of chords that accompanies the melodic lines.Classical period (1750-1800 AD) saw the introduction of a form of classical music which has dominated instrumental composition to the present day: sonata form. The period also saw the introduction and the development of the modern concerto, symphony, sonata, trio and quartet to a new peak of structural and expressive refinement (Grout and Jay, 2001, pp 20-99).The important developments in the classical period can be credited to several composers whose names are now largely forgotten. Schubert and Honnauer, German composers based in Paris are some of the great composers of the classical period. Other more historically respected names during the classical period include Gluck, Boccherini, Carl Phillip Emmanuel, Wilhelm Friedman and Johann Christian (the London Bach).The classical period is described as a gradual move a way from the artifice of baroque period and a move to an entirely new novel style based on symmetry and sensibility. These developments came to dominate the classical music of the latter
Works citedDJ Grout and Donald Jay. A history of western music. New York, Norton, 2001, pp 20-99.
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