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Changes in the United States after the Civil War Essay Example

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Changes in the United States after the Civil War

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Changes in the United States after the Civil War. In the case of rights of an individual, the first step was the abolition of slavery after the Civil War. Discrimination in terms of race or color between citizens prevailed during the prewar period. The blacks were treated with injustice and were made to save their lives away for the whites. These slaves had no right to property or even to cast their votes. Women were also treated separately as they had no right to vote like men. “The Confederates of 1860 -65 declared independence from oppressive governments they perceived as having failed to protect their rights. Men and women of these rebellions claimed a distinctive, new identity, and soldiers took up arms by the thousands to redress their grievances”

(Civil War History 2002, par. 1).The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments made in the American constitution, after the war, were in favor of individual rights. The thirteenth amendment made in 1865 abolished slavery. The 14th Amendment ratified in the year on July 9, 1868, gransaveitizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which also included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbade states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" and not to "deny to any person, within its jurisdiction, the equal protection from law. The Fifteenth Amendment made in 1870, was intended to protect and ensure the voting rights of the black people. The act guaranteed that everyone, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, was entitled to the same treatment in “public accommodations.” States Rights: The states’ rights, which played a crucial role in the American Civil War, witnessed immense changes as an aftermath of the war. These rights came to the forefront because the southern people believed that the federal government had no right to interfere in the state matters. This attitude mainly emerged after the election of Abraham Lincoln as he and his party stood against the circulating of slavery, while southern region advocated slavery.     . Changes in the United States after the Civil War.

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Bibliography

Civil War History. 2002. Project Muse. Par. 1. <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cwh/summary/v048/48.1carp.html >

Kelly, Martin. 2011. Top Five Causes of the Civil War. About.com. par. 5. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarmenu/a/cause_civil_war.htm >

McCurry, Stephanie. 2010. Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South. President and Fellows of Harvard College. USA. 361. <http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ORMudnzaQFsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Confederate+Reckoning:+Power+and+Politics+in+the+Civil+War+South&hl=en&ei=CepkTq6oEojPrQei0JmWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false>

Schwartz, Barry. 2008. Abraham Lincoln in the Post-Heroic Era: History and Memory in Late Twentieth-Century America. The University of Chicago Press. USA. 131. <http://books.google.co.in/books?id=1p9T8drMHeYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=-%09Abraham+Lincoln+in+the+post-heroic+era:+history+and+memory+in+late+twentieth-century+America&hl=en&ei=LOpkToDWGoTprAfo4-WVCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=civil%20war&f=false>

State’s Rights, Theory of from Americans at War. 2011. Bookrags.com. <www.bookrags.com/.../states-rights-theory-of-aaw-02/>

Waugh, Joan & Gallagher, Gary W. 2009. Wars within a War: Controversy and Conflict over the American Civil War. The University of North Carolina Press. USA. 4. <http://books.google.co.in/books?id=uush7mwletkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=-%09Wars+within+a+War:+Controversy+and+Conflict+over+the+American+Civil+War&hl=en&ei=F-tkTurMOsOHrAfU79GcCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=politics&f=false>

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