High gate fees make energy generation and recovery very economical. It influences to prohibit landfill cost. Waste to energy conversion is an effective alternative for disposing waste. The waste products like paper, wood, cardboard, cloth etc. which are of biological origin produce renewable energy. Availability of huge amount of waste material influences this process of generating energy from waste or garbage. But this process also has a negative effect on environment. A huge amount of CO2 is generated from which has contributed heavily to global warming in the recent times. Moreover it produces a huge amount of heat which has created a negative impact on the climate. This research paper describes the process of utilizing waste and garbage in an effective way by United States for generating energy. The main research question analyzed in this paper is “how waste and garbage are converted into energy or electricity in United States and what are their associated advantages”. This paper critically analyzes the various methods of waste disposals and the process of electricity generation from waste. It further discusses the environmental impact and the different types of pollution that could arise from the process of converting waste to energy.According to the author George Tchobanoglous and Frank Kreith the modern world is facing a serious of problems while trying to deal with the increasing amount of waste which has been the result of rapid industrialization and globalization (Tchobanoglous and Kreith 67-71). To deal with this problem some cities have found out solutions to convert the garbage or waste into energy. United State is one of the countries to have begun this initiative. Through proper planning, management and design, the US has taken appropriate steps to implement the process. Waste to energy conversion has helped the country to improve its environment through the right utilization of its waste products. In their article Tchobanoglous and Kreith have made a mention about the various policies and strategies undertaken by the US to run the process (Tchobanoglous and Kreith 67-71). According to authors Marc J. Rogoff and Francois Screve conversion of waste to energy is a powerful tool for preventing climate change by reducing greenhouse gas formation. This process requires the use of the right technology by which a meaningful contribution in safe guarding environment from damages could be carried out.
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