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The Profession of Anthropology Essay Example

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The Profession of Anthropology

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The Profession of Anthropology. Mauss became a professor, from 1900 to 1902, of Buddhist and Hindu philosophy at the University of Paris when he was appointed to preside over the history of the religion of tribal groups. And then from 1930 until 1938 he taught at the College de France. He also became a professor of ethnography at the Institute of Ethnography from 1927 to 1939. Even though Mauss did not work in the field himself, he tutored French anthropologist and he emphasized ethnography (James & Allen, 1998). Mauss is recognized for his contributions to the journal heralded by Durkheim and his pupils, the L'Année sociology, published in twelve volumes. The journal was founded mainly as a channel for professional studies.

Mauss revised the articles on the categorization of sociological science and on religion. He took critically the argument of Durkheim that science developed through the cooperative attempt and abandoned his own studies. Consequently, in 1908 Durkheim made a decision to reduce the circulation of the journal. Most of the early published work of Mauss was in partnership with other professionals and was issued in L'Année. He produced The Nature and Function of Sacrifice, Prolegomena to a General Theory of Magic, and Introduction to Religious Phenomena, in collaboration with Henry Hubert (James & Allen, 1998). He wrote Primitive Classification and several reviews and articles in collaboration with Durkheim. Mauss on no account intentionally defied the sociological teachings of Durkheim, though the allocation of task between them had given the theory to Durkheim and examples to Mauss (Sykes, 2004). Mauss was appointed a director of L'Année when Durkheim passed away in 1917. His work turned out to be more evidently ethnographic after the First World War as he attempted to continue the traditional scope and content of the journal. His work The Gift developed from the ethnographic studies of social structure and exchange in Melanesia by Bronislaw Malinowski. The Profession of Anthropology.

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References

Barnard, A. (2000). History and Theory in Anthropology. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Firth, R. (Ed.). (1957). Man and Culture: An Evaluation of the Work of Bronislaw Malinowski. New York: Humanities Press.

Gibb, R. (2006). Claude Levi-Strauss. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute , 502+.

James, W. & Allen, N.J. (eds.). (1998). Marcel Mauss: A Centenary Tribute. New York: Berghahn Books.

Levi-Strauss, C. (1963). Structural Anthropology. New York: Basic Books.

Shalvey, T. (1979). Claude Levi-Strauss: Social Psychotherapy and the Collective Unconscious. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Silverman, S. (2005). Malinowski: Odyssey of and Anthropologist 1884-1920. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute , 166+.

Sykes, K. (2004). Marcel Mauss: A Centenary Tribute. Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute , 727+.

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