On top of these direct benefits, there are also indirect contributions in the form of millions of dollars directed to conservation projects from entrance fees, tourist philanthropic donations and ecotourism-operator philanthropy.However if ecotourism wishes to claim environmental bragging rights, it has to do better with regards to carbon usage and climate change. Like most contemporary forms of travel, ecotourism depends heavily on fossil fuel-dependent forms of transportation. This means that responsible travel to natural areas starts out with an environmental debt, especially with regards to the carbon emissions that must be repaid for there to be a net environmental gain.It is imperative that ecotourism incorporates other creative forms of carbon balancing as part of the customary practice, thus reducing its carbon debt from the start. Carbon neutrality is the benchmark in the maturation of ecotourism (Durham & Stronza, 2008, pg.Increasingly ecotourism has been described to represent or at least encourage sustainable forms of tourism in natural areas. Sustainable tourism is focused on using resources sustainably and reducing over-consumption and waste (Buckley, 2004, pg. Ecotourism is defined as the environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas in order to enjoy and appreciate nature and any accompanying cultural features that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact and provides for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local population (Ceballos-Lascurain, 1996, pg. 20; Buckley, 2004, pg. However, travel or mobility are mostly associated with considerable resource use in the form of fossils fuel and it therefore directly challenges the principles set out for sustainable tourism.For ecotourism, a travel component can occur at three distinct scales: first, transport directly associated with the ecotourism travel, for example a boat or bus trip around an ecotourism site, secondly, travel between various eco-tourism sites or operations and thirdly, transport from the home location to the destination, where the ecotourism experience takes place. Each of these travel components of ecotourism is associated with substantial energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. This defies the very concept of ecotourism thereby leading to a failure in ecotourism
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