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Carbon dioxide emissions Essay Example

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Carbon dioxide emissions

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Carbon dioxide emissions. The past 25 years, the growth of carbon emissions in Australia, was twice the growth rate for the world as a whole, twice the growth rate for USA and Japan, and five times the growth rate for Europe” (Raupach, 2007). In 2009, Australia was leading in carbon emissions among the developed nations, and scientists blamed the high level of carbon dioxide emissions on the use of coal in the country (Clarke, 2009)When carbon dioxide emissions are released to the air, they remain in the atmosphere for 100 – 200 years, thus with time causing the temperature on the earth to increase, which results to global warming. However, according to science daily (2008), each increase of one degree Celsius of carbon dioxide is capable of causing up to 1000 deaths and respiratory complications such as asthma in human beings.

These gasses in the atmosphere normally cause a greenhouse effect, which interferes with the earth’s temperature. Nevertheless, the following are the regulatory measures for carbon emission reduction. Price on carbon emission in the form of Pegouvian tax,Environmental tax was invented by Pigou, an English economist in the1920s whereby, due to the negative effects caused by carbon emissions to the human beings and the environment, a tax is imposed on the productions that cause emissions. An environmental tax leads to industries and factories putting up measures to reduce the rate of emissions to avoid paying the tax. The pegouvian tax is believed to curb environmental damages caused by pollution, hence firms should be charged as per the damage caused by their pollution. Moreover, the pegouvian tax gives income to the public and causes economic inefficiency (Wangensteen 2006, pp 239).Pigouvian tax is aimed at dealing with the emitters of carbon dioxide and green house gasses so that they can face the costs of their actions. However, when implementing environmental tax, a country should consider tax effectiveness in reducing the green house gasses. The rate of taxing should also be in proportion with the nature of damage by the carbon emissions. The pegouvian tax should not be a burden to the families that are not well off. However, there is a possibility that those countries that contribute towards environmental tax will be at a disadvantage if they compete with countries that have not imposed tax on carbon emissions. The tax should also be incorporating some government policies in them such that, the policies to reduce on carbon emission. Carbon dioxide emissions.

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ABC news. 2009. Climate change: Clean energy gets $4.5b Budget boost. (Online). Available from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/05/12/2568509.htm (accessed May 4, 2011).

Brake, L., 2011. Australias carbon emissions rising. (Online). Available from: http://www.earthtimes.org/pollution/australia-carbon-emissions-rising/760/ (accessed May 4, 2011).

Clarke, S. 2009. Australia leads world in carbon emissions. ABC news. (Online). Available from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/11/18/2745751.htm (accessed May 4, 2011).

Dell, R. and Rand, D. A., 2004. Clean energy. Cambridge: Royal society publishers.

Hemraj, S., 2011. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Carbon Tax Option. (Online). Available from: http://www.sustainabilitysa.org/Portals/0/Documents/Carbon%20tax%20discussion.pdf (accessed May 4, 2011).

Perrin, C., 2010. Australia likely to tax carbon emission; Citigroup. (Online). Available from: http://au.ibtimes.com/articles/64484/20100922/carbon-emissions-citigroup-australian-parliament-origin-energy-ltd-agl-energy-ltd-infigen-energy-pri.htm (accessed May 4, 2011).

Raupach, M., 2007. CO2 emissions increasing faster than expected. (Online). Available from: http://www.csiro.au/news/GlobalCarbonProject-PNAS.html (accessed May 4, 2011).

Science Daily. 2008. Carbon Dioxide Emissions Linked to Human Mortality. (Online). Available from: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080103135757.htm (accessed May 4, 2011).

Smith, D., 2007. Australias carbon dioxide emissions twice world rate. (Online). Available from: http://www.smh.com.au/news/environment/australias-greenhouse-emissions-twice-world-rate/2007/05/22/1179601374518.html (accessed May 4, 2011).

Stankvoic, S. et al. 2009. Urban wind energy. VA: Earthscan publishers.

Wangensteen, I., 2006. Power markets; TET4185. (Online). Available from: http://www.elkraft.ntnu.no/elkraft3/fag/TET4185%20Kompendium%2006.pdf (accessed May 4, 2011).

World Bank. 2004. World development indicators. Washington DC: World Bank publications.

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preview essay on Carbon dioxide emissions
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Science
  • Level: Ph.D.
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