At first, EPA offered little amounts of money to the local governments that started many two-year Brownfield steering projects. The Brownfields Law has extended EPAs support by offering new tools for the private and public segments so as to encourage sustainable cleanup and reuse of Brownfields.There are a number of Brownfields grants that serve as the basis of Brownfields Program by the EPA (Hersh, Morley and Schwab). The grants support recovery efforts by backing environmental assessments, clean-up, and training activities for jobs. The Assessment Grants supply financial support for Brownfield planning, inventories, community outreach, and environmental assessments. Revolving Loan Fund Grants offer financial support to benefit from loans that can be used to clean up Brownfields. Job Training Grants give environmental training for inhabitants of Brownfield areas. Cleanup Grants supply direct financial support for clean-up activities at certain Brownfield lands (Hersh, Morley and Schwab).An example of a Brownfield project is the Michigan Brownfield Redevelopment Project. Michigan had been left with a considerable number of polluted Brownfield sites all through its Great Lakes coastal areas (Jones and Welsh). The State of Michigan was very dynamic in supporting redevelopment of Brownfields, recognizing cleaning up and reinvesting in these areas takes development and expansion pressures off or opens land, and that it protects and improves the environment. Its growing responsiveness of issues linked to urban sprawl and the growth of important open room and agricultural resources in the state led to increasing needs for the redevelopment of the industrial Brownfields (Jones and Welsh). The CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act) of 1980 gave emphasis to the idea that owners of properties should compensate the cost used in remediating Brownfield properties, without putting into considerations of who might have caused the polluting, Michigan state recognized that such kind of approach would produce very little actual remediation of these sites. Rather land-owners had been abandoning these properties that were contaminated and allowing them to become tax delinquent (Jones and Welsh).A growing understanding of the problems and possibilities associated with Brownfield remediation and redevelopment brought about the passage of a remediation and redevelopment bond measure by the voters of Michigan in
EPA. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 16 July 2012. 7 November 2014 <http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/basic_info.htm>.
Hersh, Robert, et al. "Reuse: Creating Community-based Brownfield." American Planning Association (APA) (2010): 1-78.
Jackson-Elmoore, Cynthia. Reclaiming Brownfields: A Comparative Analysis of Adaptive Reuse of ... Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, 2012.
Jones, Robert A and William F Welsh. "Michigan Brownfield Redevelopment Innovation: Two Decades of Success." Department of Geography and Geology Eastern Michigan University (2010): 1-52.
Oliver, Lee, et al. "The Scale and Nature of European Brownfields." Land Quality Management Group, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 (2004): 1-8.
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