As compared to tap water that is transported through pipes sank underground, the transportation of bottled water require heavy vehicles, container ships and trucks. These not only consume significant volume of oil but also release gallons of exhaust gases into the atmosphere. Bottled water that is transported to other continents therefore affects the aquatic ecosystem and leads to an increase in marine deaths due to increase in pollution.Plastic bottles are non-biodegradable and thus affect the ecosystems in which they are disposed into. For example, the dead zones in the oceans have increased to expand due to the plastic containers disposed by travellers and fishermen. This has affected the aquatic life and led to mass migration of fish and other creatures from such sections. The cost of recycling the plastic waste is also high and impacts more on the environment as environmental conservation resources are allocated to the elimination of the containers.According to the container recycling institute in the united states, over 144 billion containers are lost every year and over 18 million barrels of oil used to replace them in order to support the sector. Based on the facts presented in this section, it is evident that producing a single container of bottled water has massive environmental impacts as compared to tap water (Balazs & Ray, 2014).Apart from the environmental implications, bottled water also impacts on the health of the users in a number of ways. According to the centre for disease control of the United States, most bottled water treatment lack proper approaches for the elimination of cryptosporidium, a microorganism that cause disease in human beings. Unless the water is treated using reverse osmosis, distillation and one-micron filtration process, the level of the microorganism will remain lethal. Though this microorganism is not lethal in normal people, it can cause severe illness in immunocompromised individuals. Such cases have been reported in certain parts of the globe especially in countries with poor quality control measures to monitor the safety of the bottled water.The source of bottled water in most cases cannot be determined and this has increased focus on its health implication. Studies on sample of bottled drinking water from different countries have shown that the component and safety levels are similar to the normally chlorinated tap water. As a result, people who rely
Balazs, C, & Ray, I 2014, the Drinking Water Disparities Framework: On the Origins and Persistence of Inequities in Exposure’, American Journal of Public Health, 104, 4, pp. 603-611.
Dolesh, R.J 2014, The Problem with Bottled Water, Parks & Recreation, 49, 5, p. 36.
Huerta-Saenz, L, Irigoyen, M, Benavides, J, & Mendoza, M 2012, Tap or Bottled Water: Drinking Preferences Among Urban Minority Children and Adolescents, Journal Of Community Health, 37, 1, pp. 54-58.
Pinard, C, Kim, S, Story, M, & Yaroch, A 2013, The Food and Water System: Impacts on Obesity, Journal Of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 41, pp. 52-60.
Yaqub, G, Hamid, A, Haseeb, A, Akhtar, S, & Akram, H 2014, Comparison of Water Quality of Community Filtration Plants and Bottled Mineral Water, Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, 9, 1, pp. 57-65.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples