These tribes were; Saxons, Jutes and Angles, they are believed to have crossed North Sea from the present day Denmark and other places in Northern Germany (McWhorter 43). During this time, the people that were living in Britain used to speak using a Celtic language. The coming of these tribes pushed Celtic speakers to the far North and western regions, making them move as far as what is now Ireland, Wales and Scotland (McWhorter 47). The Angles are believed to have come from “Englaland” with “Englisc” being their common language. These are the words that later led to the formation of words like “England” and “English.Following interactions of people with global population flows, the English language has been modified differently leading to development of languages like Black English, which is largely associated with Africans that live in the United States (Smitherman 53). So far, a huge debate has ensued on whether to term the Black English being used in the United States as Standard English to be adopted internationally, or it’s simply to be left as Black English.Most linguists often describe the kind of distinctive speech by the African Americans as the African American English (AAE) or simply Black English. Alternatively, when they do not want to create the impression that the language is not part of Standard English used by the African Americans they often describe it as the African American Vernacular English (McWhorter 51). In theory, the scholars that often want to used the Ebonics as the African American language often want to highlight the real African roots relating to the American speech as well as its particular associations with other languages widely spoken in the larger Black Diaspora like Nigeria or Jamaica.In actual practice, Ebonics and AAVE often describe similar sets of forms of speech. It is important to acknowledge the fact that Ebonics, as noted above, simply refers to “black speech.” The term first came into limelight in 1973 by a certain group comprising of various black scholars that showed a dislike to many of the negative connotations that were being attributed to other terminologies like “Nonstandard Negro English,” which had been devised in the 60s, a time when the initial modern large-scale studies in linguistics of the African American speech-communities started (McWhorter 71).However, in all this time, the terminology “Ebonics” never seemed to catch
McWhorter, John H. The Word on the Street: Debunking the Myth of "pure" Standard English. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Pub., 2000. Print.
Smitherman, Geneva. Talkin and Testifyin: The Language of Black America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Print.
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