There has been difficulty in assessing the relation between medicine and health as most health statistics use the narrow biomedical concept of health which defines it as the absence of disease. The correct approach is to consider the health of the individual and also the health of the society this should include mental illness and social pathologies. This clearly shows that the biomedical model can only contribute to the elimination of certain diseases but cannot guarantee complete restoration of health.The holistic view of illness tells that physical disease is only one of the several manifestations of basic imbalance of organism.Others include physiological and social pathologies. Though symptoms of a physical disease are effectively suppressed by medical intervention, the disease succeeds to express itself through some other modes and this cannot be detected by following the biomedical model.Psychological and social pathologies have now become major problem of public health. Surveys reveal that as many as twenty-five percents of our population is troubled psychologically and are in serious need of medication. The alarming rise in alcoholism, accidents suicides, and violent crimes show social ill health is increasing day by day. The twentieth century is also witnessing the serious health problems in children along with rise in social and political terrorism. These statistics clearly indicate that biomedical model cannot cure most of the diseases of today’s human being. The best estimates are that the biomedical system (doctors. drugs, hospitals) affects about 10 percent of the usual indices for measuring health. (Aaron Wildaysky, Dean, Graduate School of Public Policy, U.C. Berkeley)There has been a great increase in life expectancy in developed countries. People consider the beneficial effects of modern medicine as the main cause for it. But this is not true. This is because health has many dimensions and it arises from the complex interplay between physical, physiological and social aspects of human nature.
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