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Biology Essay

The Human Genome Project
Introduction The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) sequenced the first genome of a free-living organism, the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, in 1995. This landmark project, led by TIGR scientist Robert Fleischmann, led to a series of genome sequencing projects. The human genome project and ENCODE were the pioneering projects. The latest is the Genographic Project 1. The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort initiated by the Department of Energy and the National
Pages: 2 (500 words), Essay
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Middle Age Processes
Erickson comments on individual identity as closely related to one’s social role. The response to the second question proves that both the respondents are satisfied with their social identity. Ruth F. Craven & Constance J. Hirnle point out that middle age is the stage of social responsibility of an individual.
Pages: 5 (1000 words), Essay
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The Success of Cochlear implants
Amplification of hearing in case of audibility and suppression of noises in case of recruitment characteristic of loudness play very important roles in the success of implants. Another factor that could easily equal its importance with the other two is the intelligibility characteristic of the auditory organs – the ability to recognize speech.
Pages: 5 (1000 words), Essay
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Regulation of Biological Protein Activity
Regulation of Biological Protein Activity Proteins are dynamic structures whose function invariably depends on the interaction with other molecules. Many proteins function by the reversible binding with other molecules. The molecule that is bound by the protein is known as a ligand, which may also be another protein (Cooper, 2000). The transient interaction between proteins and ligands is crucial for the normal functioning of the cells. On the protein, the ligand binds to the binding site
Pages: 2 (500 words), Essay
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For a Prize Bull, Next Big Test Is in Genetics Lab
In this case, the host is an unfertilized egg whose genetic material has been removed through enucleation process.The biological process of nuclear transplantation is whereby scientists derive a cell from an adult animal they wish to clone. The genome of the animal is contained in the nucleus of this derived cell. 
Pages: 3 (750 words), Essay
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Diurnal Rhythm Of Cortisol: Steroid Hormone
An enzyme substrate was added to the wells to be acted upon by the enzyme on the labeled antigens. The plates were then incubated for about twenty minutes. This allowed for enzymatic reaction and the subsequent color reaction. Thereafter, the stop solution was added to terminate the enzyme reaction.
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Downstream Processing
Solubilizing agents such as thioredoxin are known to improve the solubility of the proteins. Gene fusion techniques are equally good for the separation of the proteins. Maltose binding protein and Glutathione-S- transferase are found to bind well to the protein and can be removed by using the affinity chromatography techniques.
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Comparison between the Plant and Animal Cell
Both cells contain ribosomes. Thus, Amino Acids which are the building blocks for proteins are suspended in the cell sap and so the ribosomes through the use of transfer Ribonucleic Acid (tRNA) the amino acids are brought together and joined to form the protein chain and later the whole organism.
Pages: 6 (1250 words), Essay
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Structure of Eukaryotic Cells and Importance of Membranes
Most of the cell's organelles are enclosed by membranes which are simple to observe under a microscope. Researchers can use electron microscopy to take a high-resolution picture through a thin cross-section. The use of an electronic microscope assists researchers in visualizing the structural formation and important features of various organelles.
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Invasive Marine Animal: Green Crab
The first two limbs, pereopods, are developed into pincers (Cohen, 2011). The second and third pairs of limbs are the longest and are always longer than the shell. The last limbs are the shortest of the pairs. They lack swimming paddles and are more flattened than the rest of the limbs. 
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Use of animals in medical research
The statistics show that 95% of the animals used in medical experiments are not protected by Federal Law; another poll showed that only two countries in the world allow experimentation on Chimpanzees that is the United States and Gabon. Most biomedical scientists are of the opinion that the use of animals in medical research is essential.
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Properties of Life
There are genes in the DNA that control the reproduction of cells. They are responsible for scheduling the point at which different cells make and when the older cells die. In the event, the genes responsible for control of cell reproduction and DNA repair from mutations, cancer becomes a complication for the organism.
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Issues Related to GMOs Consumption
The main benefits and goals of genetic modification of crops are mentioned as well allowing the reader to develop a better understanding of a broader scope of the event. Whitman concludes that genetically modified foods do represent a solution to many problems and that their safety should be evaluated in each case and not by the merits of general assumptions.
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Membrane Transport and Extreme cold tolerance
Any membrane like the plasma membrane is made to adapt to abiotic stresses. The abiotic stresses restrict the growth, distribution and reproduction of an organism. The abiotic stresses include things like extreme cold temperature, light, drought, salt and physical pressure among others. 
Pages: 3 (750 words), Essay
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Down Syndrome Condition
A gene is described as the smallest physical and functional unit of genetic inheritance. Genes contain a protein composition. Every living human being has two copies of each gene from the male parent and the female parent. Normally, most genes are similar to every person. However, they are slightly different from others.
Pages: 2 (500 words), Essay
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