The region’s long-term economic strategy depends widely on a combination of industrialization and overseas investments in the hydrocarbon sectors and energy-intensive sectors due to the existence of the vast amounts of oil oil wealth. In principle, with Abu Dhabi’s oil reserves anticipated to last until the century’s end, its diversification efforts, have never involved an entire shift away from oil resources (Sgouridis et al.The UAE can be described as a rentier economy due to its immense fossil-fuel resources, timid national population and a steady and consolidated authoritarian governance. The domestic legality of the ruling class is based on a combination of “neo-traditional” legitimacy and rentier approaches to wealth distribution (Abu-Hijleh& Al-Amir, 2013). Thus, most of the country’s challenges in the future relate closely to the social political system and the rentier economy the country has modelled. The high reliance on oil and other external sources of income for the growing population, the ineffective human-resources-management approaches, high natural resource consumption levels and economic stability that has led to environmental damage, unsustainable resource consumption, global warming and energy crisis (Patlitzianas, Doukas&Psarras, 2006).There has been an increase in the number of sustainable renewable energy sources in the UAE. Renewable sources of energy have become the preferred choice for consumers who are not connected to the national grid. The reason is renewable sources such as solar energy are cheaper compared to other alternatives such as oil. However, the situation on the ground, document a slightly different story. For instance, the number of companies that offer public transportation services in Abu Dhabi are very few. The situation lowers the rate of fossil fuel consumption, thus leading to a decrease in the cost of fossil fuel (Mezher, Dawelbait& Abbas, 2011). The government makes a substantial investment toward exploring the renewable energy both locally and internationally. At the same time, the government invests more in oil production by constantly updating the extraction techniques (Global roadmap on renewable energy, 2013). The energy conservation efforts in Abu Dhabi are still ineffective. Without cheap and sustainable energy sources, Abu Dhabi cannot achieve a flourishing economic performance. In addition, the region could not exhaust the investment opportunities in alternative sources of energy
Abu-Hijleh, B., & Al-Amir, J. (2013).Strategies and policies from promoting the use of renewable energy resource in the UAE. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, #26(1), 660-667. doi:10.106/j.rser.2013.06.001
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Luomi, M. (2009). ABU DHABIS ALTERNATIVE-ENERGY INITIATIVES: SEIZING CLIMATE-CHANGE OPPORTUNITIES. Middle East Policy, 16(4), 102-117. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203747841?accountid=45049
Madichie, N. O. (2011). IRENA - masdar city (UAE) - exemplars of innovation into emerging markets. Foresight : The Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy, 13(6), 34-47. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14636681111179582
Mezher, T., Dawelbait, G.,& Abbas. (2011).Renewable energy policy options for Abu Dhabi:Drivers and barriers. Energy policy,42(1), 315-328.doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.089
Mondal, M. A. H., Kennedy, S., &Mezher, T. (2014). Long-term optimization of United Arab Emirates energy future: Policy implications. Applied Energy, 114, 466-474.
Patlitzianas, K. D., Doukas, H., &Psarras, J. (2006). Enhancing renewable energy in the Arab States of the Gulf: Constraints & efforts. Energy Policy, 34(18), 3719-3726.
Reiche, D.( 2010). Renewable Energy Policies in the Gulf countries: A case study of the carbon-neutral “Masdar City” in Abu Dhabi. Energy policy, 38(1), 378-382. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2009.06.028
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DRAFT ESSAY GRADING
INTRODUCTION (10) 6
is there a hook
strengthen the thesis so that it works as an organizational tool for the paper.
MAIN BODY (50) 25
clear topic sentences
concluding sentences for paragraphs
the main issue here is that you have copied quite a large amount of text from another source (see my comments). Hopefully this is just because you didn’t paraphrase correctly – please fix this as currently the text is plagiarized.
Think about your transitions and topic sentences.
CONCLUSION (20) 5
-you need to deepen the thesis.
GENERAL (30) 20
style, tone, sentence structure, wordiness
mechanics (punctuation grammar)
APA in-text and end-text citation
check your punctuation in particular in relative clause
Where does your survey fit into the paper – please include it as you have done the work on it.
This is a good start Abdulfattah, but please be careful with your citations.
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