This type of violence is one of the most common.Emotional abuse leads to no less serious negative consequences for the child, because it affects the emotional and psychological state of the child, causing depression, poor self-esteem, anxiety disorders, etc. “Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the childs emotional development” (NSPCC 2009, p.Sexual abuse “involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities” (NSPCC 2009, p. Sexual abuse can include not only sexual contact with penetration, but also kissing, stroking the genitals and so on. It may seem that neglect does not bear such risk as physical or sexual abuse, but it is not true. Neglect manifests itself in the form of ignoring physical or physiological needs of the child. As a result> the child may have serious health problems that can lead to his/her death.The current legislative framework is based on the Children Act 1989, which was designed to improve existing laws aimed at protecting childrens rights. The Children Act uses a number of principles. One of them is the paramountcy principle. Its essence lies in the fact that it draws attention to a childs welfare that is recognized as a priority “when making any decisions about a childs upbringing” (NSPCC 2012, p. In addition, the concept of parental responsibility also plays a particularly important role. The section 3 defines it as “the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and his property” (cited in NSPCC 2012, p.The document defines the specific actions that need to be made by the courts and local authorities to ensure and protect the welfare of children. The legislative framework of the United Kingdom also offers a number of documents that are designed to help professionals in their understanding of when they can consider conditions in which children live as having a risk to their safety. In particular, one of these documents is Working together to safeguard children: a guide to interagency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. It gives definitions of child abuse, as well as determines the actions that need to be made by agencies to prevent child abuse. Another manual entitled The Framework for the assessment of children in need and their families reveals the
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