The end of the Cold War sparked a series of concerns centering on WMD within the hands of rogue states and terrorists making scholars, policymakers, and pundits to assess the severity of the WMD threat and assemble responses designed to address it (Joyner, 2009).Evidently, international law has a lasting association with the endeavors to manage weapons of mass destruction, which followed the development of prohibitions (treaty) on the employment of poisonous gases in war (Busch & Joyner, 2009). Three bodies of international law can be delineated as regulating WMD, namely: arms control treaties, international law guiding the use of force, and international humanitarian law. Historically, the most outstanding and direct utilization of international law in relation to WMD was via arms control treaties. This denotes international agreements fashioned to ban or limit the development, ownership, and employment of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons by states.The international law on the use of force addresses the threat or the application of force rather than the development of weapons. On the use of WMD, international law on the use of force establishes legal justifications for the alternative to force, rather than rules detailing the weapons states may utilize. Mass Destruction and International Law.
Busch, E. B & Joyner, D. H. (2009). Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Future of International Nonproliferation Policy. Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
Joyner, D. H. (2009). International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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