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The Antikythera Mechanism Essay Example

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The Antikythera Mechanism

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The mechanism dates from about the conclusion of the second century B. and became the most complicated instrument known from the ancient universe. Nothing as sophisticated is recognized for the subsequent thousand years (Osmon 235). The Antikythera Mechanism is currently acknowledged to be devoted to astronomical observable fact and functions as a complex automatic computer, which traces the sequences of the Solar System (The Economist Newspaper Limited 1-2). It has the oldest identified complex gear machinery and is occasionally referred to as the first acknowledged analog computer, even though the superiority of its producers proposes that it may have had undiscovered antecedents at the time of the Hellenistic Period (Casselman 1-2). It seems to be built upon hypothesis of mathematics and astronomy created by Greek astronomers and is projected to have been completed about 100 BC. It is supposed the mechanism was constructed of a low-tin bronze alloy of about 95% copper and 5% tin, however, the machines advanced condition of corrosion has rendered it impracticable to execute an accurate compositional examination (Casselman 1-2).The device was on board a vessel otherwise loaded with marble sculpture and fine bronze and glassware that sank around some years after 70 BC off the Antikythera that lies between the Greek mainland and Crete (Freeth 1-2). The wreck location was revealed by Symiote sponge divers and recovered the materials, under Greek administration monitoring between 1900 and 1901. In 1902 wreckage of the device was discovered among unsorted bronze particles from the shatter at the National Archaeological Museum (NAM) in Athens (Freeth 1-2). Below are fragments of the device.When the remnants of the device were discovered from the ocean, it is very probable that it was intact, and certainly not more these many particles (Freeth 1-2). There are currently eighty two separate particles, all of which most likely fit in to the initial device. Seven of the biggest remains are labeled alphabetically as A - G and the outstanding smaller particles numerically as from 1 – 75 (Osmon 235). The two faces of each particle are selected as -1 and -2. For instance, A-1 is the recognizable sight of particle A with the 4 big spokes (Freeth 1-2). This description does not denote “back” and “front”, since there are numerous fragments whose position is not yet identified. It is just intended to

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Works Cited

Casselman, Bill, The Antikythera Mechanism II. Accessed from http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-diff4

Freeth, Tony and Jones, Alexander. The Cosmos in the Antikythera Mechanism. ISAW Papers 4 , February, 2012. Accessed from http://dlib.nyu.edu/awdl/isaw/isaw-papers/4/

Freeth, Tony, Jones, Alexander, Steele, Michael, J. and Bitsakis, Yanis. "Calendars with Olympiad display and eclipse prediction on the Antikythera Mechanism." 2008. Nature 454, 614-617.

Kean, Victor J. The Ancient Greek Computer from Rhodes: Known As the Antikythera Mechanism. Anixi Attikis: Efstathiadis, 1991. Print.

Koetsier, T, and Marco Ceccarelli. Explorations in the History of Machines and Mechanisms: Proceedings of Hmm2012. Dordrecht: Springer, 2012. Internet resource.

Osmon, Rick, and Scott Wolters. The Graves of the Golden Bear: Fortresses and Monuments of the Ohio Valley. Nashville, Tenn: Grave Distractions Publications, 2011. Print.

Penprase, Bryan E. The Power of Stars: How Celestial Observations Have Shaped Civilization. New York: Springer Verlag, 2011. Print.

The Economist Newspaper Limited, The Antikythera mechanism: The clockwork computer. Accessed from http://www.economist.com/node/1337165. 19th 2002.From the print edition

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