Alvesson and Karreman suggest that the distribution of knowledge in the organizations is through technological methods such as intranets, e-mail, and internet. Also, Alvesson and Karreman claims that the distribution of knowledge in organizations is through streams concentrating on the social interactions and relations. Alvesson and Karremanconcludes in their journal that knowledge management is the practice of managing organizations than a practice of facilitating knowledge systemsjournal, by Alavi and Leidner, claims that knowledge is a broad notion that has defined the epistemological debate in the western philosophy since the classical Greek era.Alavi and Leidner assert in the journal that there has been an increasing interest in treating knowledge as a noteworthy organizational resource. Alavi and Leidneradvocates that researchers have begun promoting a class of information systems in different organizational sectors. Alavi and Leidner call the research system as a knowledge management system (KMS). Alavi and Leidner explains that the objective of the system is to support the application, creation, and transfer of knowledge inorganizations. In addition, Alavi and Leidneradd that knowledge and knowledge management are not only complex, but also multi-faceted concepts. Alavi and Leidner concludes that the development and implementation of KMS will require a foundation in various rich literatures.The concept of knowledge intensive firm, by Nurmi, reveals to us that we have entered a new economic era. Nurmi claims that we have entered into a new era where knowledge and information are the only sources of value creation in the management literature. Nurmi claims that over the past twenty years, knowledge has become an embracing term that stand for “magic” within contemporary organizations.Nurmi explains that knowledge has encouraged various organizations to strive for success. Nurmi describes knowledge as a key to success for organizations and nations, which Nurmi refers to as the Knowledge Economy Rhetoric. Nurmi claims that knowledge-intensive firms are also being challenged in the literature. Nurmi concludes the journal by expressing his views that the notion of knowledge should be extended in different forms in order for the firms to succeed.From the journal, Whats up with knowledge management?,Prusak claims thatthere have been
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