The Classical Period on the other hand refers to the period between 480 and 323 B. During this time, the Athens dominated Greece politically, culturally as well as economically. The classical art of this period was characterized by humanism, rationalism and idealism. Sophocles, Plato and Aristotle, the fathers of the Western philosophy believed that everything on earth had a purpose. In connection to this, the classical artist of this time relied on close observation of natural world in their search for universal ideas (Pollitt, 55). It was also during this time that the Greek artists worked towards ensuring that they produced perfect images. Unlike in the Archaic Period, most of the paintings in the Classical Period were of women. From this, it is evident that women were becoming more prominent in artwork.During this period, self awareness was also portrayed in some of the sculptures. For instance the image of the Kritios Boy is perceived as a transition from archaic to classical style. Unlike the images in the Archaic Period with the archaic smile, the Kritios boy appears more solemn (Pollitt, 63). The essence of athletics was also portrayed during this era by some of the sculptures. For instance, the bronze statue of Zeus throwing a thunder bolt by Myron projects the tension of the muscles that enhance success in athletic competition.Some figures however during this period exhibited idealized forms. For instance, in the sculpture below, the man appears to be holding a shield and maybe a sword. In connection to this, Polyklietos (an art theorist) also employed mathematics in creating his figures during this period.Additionally, it is evident that the Classical Period was emanated with buildings that were designed in a way of celebrating Greek’s culture. For instance, “the Acropolis that was constructed in 490 BCE was designed to celebrate the civilization and culture of Athens.” Just like the Archaic Period, there was a portrayal of respect on some important people in the Classical period. This is evidenced by the works of Lysippos; Lysippos was the one that sculptured the statue of Alexander the Great during the Classical Period.Hellenistic Period took place between 480 BCE and 325 BCE (the time between Alexander’s death and the start of Roman Empire). A good example of Hellenistic sculpture is Nike of Samothrace. This statue was probably raised with the intention of commemorating a sea
Boardman, John. Greek Sculpture: The Archaic Period : a Handbook. New York: Thames & Hudson, Limited, 1978. Print.
Pollitt, Jordan. Art in the Hellenistic Age. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Print.
Pollitt, Jerome. Art and Experience in Classical Greece. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1972. Print.
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