Nairobi also boasts of amenities such as roads, schools, a city council that is in charge of various services, international and local 5-star hotels among others. Nairobi is also the only city in the world with a national park within the city, called the Nairobi National Park. Tourism is one of the biggest foreign exchange earners in Kenya, and Nairobi being centrally placed in the country offers easy access to some of the world’s best national parks and wild reserves, including the Maasai Mara, famous for one of the wonders of the world - the annual movement of millions of wildebeest across the Mara River on to Tanzania. Kenya’s coast is also a tourist attraction with its tropical feel and white sandy beaches only found along the coast of East Africa. Nairobi has also had success in being a business destination. Apart from the various investment opportunities available in the city, the hotels in the city also offer ideal locations for conferences and other business events. Easy access to airports also helps businesses.Nairobi was founded in 1907 and was initially an administrative centre, especially for the British colonialists (Morton 2-45, 1948. Kenya gained independence in 1963. Over the years, the city has experienced massive expansion to its current population. An increase in human population is one of the reasons for this massive urbanization. Kenya has one of the highest population growths and this has seen many urban areas expand rapidly. The increase in the number of people educated due to an expansion of education facilities has also led to massive urbanization in Nairobi. The government has offered free primary education, and tertiary education in Universities is subsidized.The emphasis on literacy has seen many people, especially from the rural area, get affordable university education in universities, most of which are in Nairobi. This resulted in these people’s stay in Nairobi, leading to its expansion. The availability of opportunities has also led to expansion of the Nairobi city. Kenyans are generally a very enterprising people and there are various small and medium-sized enterprises that create employment opportunities for young and old people. This has led to an increase in rural-to-urban migration as people seek employment in the city. Agriculture is the backbone of the Kenyan economy and Nairobi offers markets for consumption and export of
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