The academician cited other categories of underrepresented populations, including Caucasian males in the NBA, Jews in agriculture and Catholics in investment banking. Shifting his attention toward the subject of women in scientific fields, Summers stated that the reason for the gap was the same as that, which prevents women from filling executive posts in top-ranked professions. Therefore, unlike most newspaper reports indicated, the scholar cited familial responsibilities and lower commitment to careers as the primary reason for fewer women in science-based professions. Summers cited research and his personal parenting as proof for this hypothesis. In making his second point, he further emphasized that gender differences observed even at a tender age, cannot be entirely attributed to socialization. This is where controversy sparked; since he went on to question whether institutions were making proper demands on people. This appeared to be an implication that society was imposing irrational expectations for women to perform equally in sciences, yet it is a feat they cannot achieve because they are possibly biologically inferior to men. This clearly shows that Summers downplayed the role that discrimination in denying women opportunities to advance in science and mathematics fields. . Analysis of Media Coverage of the Summers Controversy.
Sadker, David, Sadker Myra and Zittleman Karen. Still Failing at Fairness: How Gender Bias Cheats Boys and Girls at School and what We Can Do About It. New York, NY: Scribner. 2009. Print.
Schiebinger, Londa. The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press. 1991. Print.
French, David. The Summers Transcript. Web. 1 February 2014.
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