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Analyse the risks to the supply of clean water in the world Essay Example

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Analyse the risks to the supply of clean water in the world

The increase in world population has raised the demand for food. Subsequent rise in agricultural practices are using large quantities of freshwater for growing crops and maintaining plants and trees n.Another reason which has posed serious constraints on water supply is the changes observed by scientists in the precipitation rates. This is likely to have a major negative impact on the amount of rainfall and snow in several regions across the world (National Resources Defense Council, 2010; Natural Resources Defense Council, n. These shifts in climatic changes would have an adverse effect on the availability of renewable water supply and this in turn would affect water withdrawal for various purposes (National Resources Defense Council, 2010). Another major factor affecting water quality is pollution. Sources of clean drinking water include surface water such as rivers and water reservoirs and ground water. All water bodies contain natural contaminants such as chemicals and microbes. Of the two sources groundwater is less permeable to contaminants than surface water (Fawell & Nieuwenhuijsen 2003). With regard to surface water as rain and melting snow water run along roofs or houses and roads draining into the river it collects toxic chemicals, dirt and various disease causing organisms along. When these drain into rivers and other water bodies’ organisms and other pollutants build up and eventually enter the food chain. Microbial contaminants of water are associated with serious health issues such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery and diarrhea. In addition toxic chemical pollutants from industries and factories also drain into the water streams thus increasing its levels of pollutants (Natural Resources Defense Council, n.d; Fawell & Nieuwenhuijsen 2003). In some countries open defecation and urination serve as significant contributors to contamination. All these increase the level of pollutants in water in addition to altering its taste and odor. Water from these sources used for drinking purposes has to be treated further in order to remove disease causing organisms and other toxic chemicals. The treatment process should also be optimized in order to prevent further contamination of water by chemicals and other residues in the water treatment method.Other growing risks that are contributing to reduced supply of clean

Reference

The United Nations World Water Report n.d., Water in a Changing World. Available from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/water/wwap/wwdr/wwdr3-2009/ [17 March 2014]

Natural Resources Defense Council 2010., Climate Change, Water and Risk: Current Water Demands are not Sustainable. Available from: www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/watersustainability/files/WaterRisk.pdf‎ [17 March 2014]

Natural Resources Defense Council, n.d., Water. Available from: http://www.nrdc.org/water/default.asp [17 March 2014]

Fawell, J & Nieuwenhuijsen 2003, ‘Contaminants in drinking water,’ British Medical Bulletin, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 199-208. Available from: http://bmb.oxfordjournals.org/content/68/1/199.full [17 March 2014]

World Wildlife Fund, n.d, Marine Problems: Pollution. Available from: http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/blue_planet/problems/pollution/ [17 March 2014]

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preview essay on Analyse the risks to the supply of clean water in the world
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Undergraduate
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