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Aids in Africa: Demographic Transition Essay Example

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Aids in Africa: Demographic Transition

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Aids in Africa: Demographic Transition. When it comes to sex in Africa, the man is always in charge. Girls and women are often forced to have sex and are punished if they resist. There is a belief in some areas that having sex with a virgin can cure an infected man. As a result, 12-year-old girls become infected. Men rarely know they have AIDS, because males widely refuse testing until they fall ill. Many men who think they may have AIDS just embrace it as if nothing is wrong until they get sick. They take the attitude that "Im already infected; I can sleep around because I cant get it again." Meanwhile, they may be passing on the infection to unsuspecting African women. The women then unknowingly pass it on to their children.Currently there is much stigma attached to the use of condoms and to the subject of AIDS.

Common myths, fear of social reprisal and old traditions inhibit much of the populations from using condoms (Dossier, 2005). Condoms are seen by many in Africa as the white mans means of keeping the black population down (Dossier, 2005). If condoms are requested in personal sex situations it is seen as a violation of trust and intimacy. In brothels the lure of financial gain and fear of client refusal, added of course to the ever-present fear of physical abuse from clients, are the primary reasons for not using condoms (Health Transition Centre, 2004). Success of these measures could be seen within two years, with STD rates in brothels falling steeply, and HIV prevalence among army recruits declined by two thirds (Health Transition Centre, 2004).Nudging government along, complementing and sometimes substituting for official programmes, have been efforts by mission hospitals, churches, NGOs, community-based organisations and concerned individuals. This response has reflected a genuine outpouring of compassion and concern for fellow human beings as well as an attempt to channel anxiety in productive ways and gain some control over an unwelcome and frightening threat to well-being. The dynamics of these non-official or non-governmental responses bear some resemblance to those which occurred in North America and Europe during this same period.In the African context, however, community action was not so much a consequence of the vacuum left by governments, initially unwilling to acknowledge the threat of the crisis and to come to the aid of a section of the population already stigmatised by what some regarded as aberrant sexuality. There was considerable denial among. Aids in Africa: Demographic Transition.

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References

Anon2 10 January 2006: Press Release SC/6781 Security Council Holds Debate On Impact Of Aids On Peace And Security In Africa. Accessed from

http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2000/20000110.sc6781.doc.html

Barton, Thomas George, 2001: Sexuality and Health in sub-Saharan Africa. African Medical and Research Foundation, Nairobi, pp.13

De Cock, Kevin M., Mbori-Ngacha, Dorothy, and Marum, Elizabeth. "Shadow on the continent: public health and HIV/AIDS in Africa in the 21st century." Lancet 360.9326 (2005): 67

Dossier, Panos 2005: AIDS and the third world. New Society Publishers, Philadelphia, pp.54, 56, 57s

Eckert, Erin 2003: Diseased Societies, in The World & I (vol. 13), 166

Feachem, Richard G.A, May 12, 2007: AIDS Hasnt Peaked Yet -- and Thats Not The Worst of It in Washington Post

http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/develop/aids/2003/0112peak.htm

Grassroot Soccer. Accessed on May12, 2007 from

<http://www.grassrootsoccer.org/document_1.asp?category=3&id=15934&sw=1024&sh=768&sd=32&ww=892&wh=468>.

Health Transition Centre 2004: Towards the Containment of the AIDS epidemic. ANU printing service, Canberra, pp.42, 152, 154, 156

Hunter, Susan. Black Death: Aids in Africa. New York, NY: St. Martins Press, 2003.

Kalipeni, Ezekiel. HIV & AIDS in Africa: Beyond Epidemiology. New York, NY:Blackwell Publishing, 2003

Kuadey, Kwame. The Politics of Aids Drugs in Africa: Accessed on May12, 2007 from.

<http://www.aidsandafrica.com/drugs.html>.

Lancaster, Carol. Aid to Africa: So much to Do So Little Done. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Wohlgemut, Joel Pauls. "AIDS, Africa and indifference: a confession." Canadian Medical Association Journal. 5.167 (2004): 485

Appendix

THE IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS IN AFRICA

Source (http://www.uwmc.uwc.edu/geography/Demotrans/demtran.htm)

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preview essay on Aids in Africa: Demographic Transition
  • Pages: 16 (4000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: People
  • Level: Undergraduate
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