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2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami Essay Example

2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami

The Tsunami was so strong in nature that it travelled up to 3000 miles away to the Africa and caused significant hamper to human lives and the properties. According to the report of National Geographic Channel, more than 500,000 people were injured and damages of the property exceeded $10 billion. The total earthquake took place under water. According to survey of the U.S. Geological Survey, 2004 Indian Oceanic earthquake and the Tsunami created significant amount of energy and it was like 23,000 similar kinds of atomic bombs that exploded in Hiroshima. 1.1×1017 joules energy was released by the Indian Ocean Earthquake and the Tsunami on the earth’s surface. It was a sudden release of giant forces which were building up deep below the bed of the water for the last thousands of years. The sudden release of the energy shocked the ground violently and unleashed array of devastating killer waves across the Indian Ocean. The speed of the waves was similar like the jet airliners. According to the research of USGS, for last 1000 years India Plate and Burma Plate were pushing each other. That pushing came to an end in the 26th December 2004 and created a big rupture under the Indian Ocean. Stored energy within the Tsunami travelled at a high speed and reached up to the shallow water near the big coast line. During that time bottom of the wave became slow but the top of the wave was moving significantly fast which made the sea to rise abnormally high. Interactive movements of the Tectonic Plate were the main reason of this earthquake and the Tsunami. More than 1.7 million people of the 14 countries were homeless due to this disaster. The above figure indicates how the different countries were affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and the Tsunami. This kind of Tsunami was not at all common with the Indian Ocean. Generally these kinds of incidents are common with Pacific Ocean. Some of the researchers have argued that Sumatra earthquake of 2002 was the fore shock of this gigantic earthquake and the Tsunami.

preview essay on 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Geography
  • Level: Ph.D.
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