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Finance & Accounting Article

Macroeconomics
Government and its citizens. For example, as the Baby Boomer generation reaches retirement age, will there even be any Social Security and Medicare benefits left to collect? Burdened with an ever-expanding government and military, increased international competition, overextended entitlement programs, and debts to foreign countries that will become increasingly difficult to honor, I. makes the case that America must mend its spendthrift ways or face an economic disaster of epic proportions.
Pages: 2 (500 words), Article
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Gold Futures Rise on Surging Oil Prices Inflation Concerns
The next economic concept is that of inflation. As mentioned earlier, oil is a commodity that is used by all economies and that too in a large quantum. Since many economies are obliged to import oil for their energy needs, they do not have the luxury of negotiating finer prices for the commodity.
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Accounting Information Systems "Article Review"
Farber; and Stephen R.This article reviews the imperative interpretations and findings of the currently made public journals in accounting and finance. The prime objective of Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was to reinstate the confidence of investors in financial reporting. However, SOX, and particularly section 404, had received adverse comments from companies. Studies had revealed that the companies having such adverse opinions had CFOs with inferior accounting knowledge, implying that
Pages: 3 (750 words), Article
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Corparate Governance and Accountability
Nature, direction, magnitude and processes of operation of the markets of the developing and the developed countries because of their differences in the economic, social and regulatory framework. This causes the intensity of relationship between value of company and corporate governance, vary in the developing and the developed countries (Bassen and Kleinschmidt, 2007).The literature on Corporate Governance suggests that the role of regulatory authority, board, suppliers and customers are
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Article
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Assessing Value at Risk
The second is unequal weighting of past observations. Its purpose is to give extra weight to more recent observations to ensure spikes in volatility do not arise due to past events.This is a quite simple method for calculating VAR that avoids some pitfalls seen in the correlation method. It does not involve the assumptions like those behind correlation method. Potential losses are calculated by use of actual historical returns for risk factors hence capturing non-normal risk factor’s
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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A Problem in the Field of Finance
Accounting and financial crimes are unethical in nature and therefore, they have their solution in ethics (Dann & Haddow, 2008). The accounting professionals are supposed to commit themselves to higher standards of human life in order to become good at what they do. The force of Mother Nature blessed every human with a sense of right and wrong. At the end of the day, evil succumb to good and there is a historical proof of that as well. The result of the war of good and bad is already known
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Summary of the key points in the reading material
The immediate period which followed the global financial crisis, the most critical challenge was to survive in the tough global environment. In the period between 2008 and 2009 numerous flaws in the structure were spotted. Thus, in order to ensure that the investors were allocated their fair share and that the industry had to be put back to its own two feet, this required reducing risks, ensuring better consistency between the fees and terms, and encouraging a culture of meticulous oversight.
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Article
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Summary of the reading material
These regulations include the Volcker Rule, Dodd-Frank, EMIR, OTC derivative rules, Liikanen Proposal among other rules (Citi Investor Services, 2014). The new regulatory changes are offering new opportunities to hedge funds where they can optimize their business approach. The Volcker Rule and Liikanen Proposal has eliminated the proprietary trading talent from sell side organizations that allowed hedge funds and other buy-side firms to adopt new talent and expand their market-making and
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Article
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'Loser Pays' Rules Make A Comeback
The loser-pays rule is very different from the American Rule applied in the United States. Under the latter, the long-term shareholders bear the costs of added litigation which are not obvious at the time of the trial. This rule is not new to economies as it has been the basis of shareholder lawsuits in the United Kingdom. If this rule is implemented it would alter the business model currently being followed by introducing actual financial risk.However, this rule needs to be implemented at the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Are Managers Measuring the Financial Risk in the Right Manner?
Systematic risk denotes the decrease or increase in returns from an investment or a security owing to events or factors, which afflict all firms unfavourably. Unsystematic risk refers to decrease or increase in the earnings from an investment or a security due to reasons particular to a single firm (Damodaran, 2010). The models only consider factors that afflict all the firms (systematic) as unsystematic risks may be addressed through diversification of the investments. According to econometric
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Article
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As Two Economists Debate Markets, The Tide Shifts; Belief in Efficient Valuation Yields Ground to Role Of Irrational
Hilsenrath provides support for the irrational markets hypothesis, suggesting that ill-informed investors are capable of distorting stock prices in the stock market (Hilsenrath A2). Why would this be? Well, one should consider the initial public offering of Groupon, an online consumer-centric discounting business, which launched its IPO in November of 2012. Using experts from independent corporate assessors at major banking institutions, who examined strategic positioning and tangible financial
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Does Board Gender Diversity Have a Financial Impact? Evidence Using Stock Portfolio Performance
Hence, self-regulation contributed hugely to diversity growth in firms.Firms’ portfolio aggregate returns can examine diversity. It is carried out through comparing the diversity-boards with non-diversity boards and boards that have varying degrees of diversity. The diversity boards have more than one woman representing the directors while the non-diversity boards have none. According to research, the boards with woman representation have more aggregate returns (Adams & Ferreira, 2009). They
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Article
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ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
This information clearly highlights that financially and strategically Tesco is struggling to maintain its financial performance and meet the expected profit projections by appropriately satisfying monthly and quarterly milestones.The audit committee carried out the audit procedure and gave their audit opinion. In their audit opinion, the audit committee assessed going concern position along with other necessary audit procedures; the audit committee confirmed that the company has applied the
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Article
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IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with Customers
Therefore, with the help of the performance measures on the recognition principles can later destroy their value. Most companies use the revenues directly in setting the performance targets and in determining the management compensation. The revenue-based compensation induces the revenue growth despite its profitability. The incentive is desirable if the firm follows the strategy of the growth in a given market. Normally, the revenue is considered the performance secondary measure because it is
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Article
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Analysis of article
Author informs that on further investigation, FTT found that the expenses and overheads of this club were more than the operating income and turnover of the club. FTT concluded that the club is solely dependent on its holding company for any financial support and is not an independent commercial entity.The report from directors of the club mentions that shareholders and directors will continue support to the club. However, author asserts upon the need for providing evidential support to prove
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Article
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Country Risk Premium
The most needed investment return is often taken as the sum total of the risk premium and the risk-free rate. The ultimate end is usually an investor’s incentive for the sake of risk assumption. A higher reward should hence be provided by a riskier investment possibly in terms of risk premiums, so as to motivate the investor to assume the entire investment (Berganza & García, 2004). The main debate that has often ensued in the academic literature is on the definition of risk, the risk
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Article
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Corporate Capital Structure Decisions
Actually, investors view leveraged buyout plan as a savings strategy for the firm’s income.Persistent variability of earnings increases the likelihood of a firm to default payment. In this regard, the firm giving the loan considers the flow of earnings of a firm. Essentially, earning variability declines the willingness and ability to pursue a leveraged buyout capital plan. In essence, leveraged buyout capital structure favor firms with stable earnings. In most cases, creditors do not loan
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Article summary
Thus, Kisgen’s initial findings were driven by a subsample of firms with very low ratings. The usage of B-rated firms in support of the model presents a major weakness in the model. B-rated firms are associated with constant financial distresses therefore, their marginal financing behavior is influenced more by their lack of access to the debt market (Kisgen, p1331).Additionally, the model implies that, organizations on the edge of grade rating based on investment and noninvestment should be
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Article summary / accounting
Two accounting groups facilitated this process: the National Municipal League and Municipal Research Bureau. These two groups published accounting books concerning government expenditure and revenues. This led to development of balance sheet to record the government assets and liabilities in 1909.The Examiner was the Essenes’s guardian and leader. He made decisions concerning both social life and economic matters. For instance, he handled issues of marriage, divorce, and discipline in the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Article
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Global Financial Crisis
Some of the key questions being debated in context of the global financial crisis of 2007-08 are regarding its origin, its influence and most importantly if the crisis is still looming or is it finally over. According to Pizam (2009), the global financial crisis mainly targeted the Western countries and effected their business segments as well as their customer groups. The challenges faced by the firms were related with their international as well as the domestic operations. Many big firms had
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Article
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